hiccup

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hiccup

or

hiccough,

involuntary spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm followed by a sharp intake of air, which is abruptly stopped by a sudden, involuntary closing of the glottis (opening between the vocal cords); the consequent blocking of air produces a repeated characteristic sharp sound, or hic. It is believed that hiccup is caused by stimulation of the nerve pathways or centers that control the muscles of respiration, particularly the diaphragm. In most instances hiccups are transient, although their course may sometimes be shortened by such measures as holding the breath, deep regular breathing, or rebreathing into a paper bag to increase the carbon dioxide content of the body. However, persistent hiccups may last for weeks, months, or even years. When hiccups are prolonged, therapy may include the administering of certain drugs, inhalation of carbon dioxide, and even interruption of the phrenic nerve either by injection of an anesthetic or by surgery.

hiccup

[′hik·əp]
(medicine)

hiccup

1. a spasm of the diaphragm producing a sudden breathing in followed by a closing of the glottis, resulting in a sharp sound
2. the state or condition of having such spasms
References in periodicals archive ?
Originally bedridden with a case of clinically significant hiccoughs, my ailments soon multiplied, and became more interesting as they accumulated.
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There have of course been hiccoughs along the way which Ms Robinson talks about honestly and openly.
But one or two hiccoughs left me wondering whether I was actually getting value for money.
BOGOTA, Colombia: A man accidentally shot his nephew to death while trying to cure his hiccoughs by pointing a revolver at him to scare him, police said.
WHAT a relief that The Albany,one of Liverpool's fore-most neo-Venetianbuildings, is once again being revital- is ed after so many hiccoughs.
If there had been any hiccoughs I would have given the meeting a miss, but everything was so smooth I only needed to stay two hours and I went to London with an easy mind.
The first plasma exchange was well tolerated, nevertheless, the patient complained of a moderate headache and hiccoughs.