hierarchical routing


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hierarchical routing

The complex problem of routing on large networks can be simplified by breaking a network into a hierarchy of smaller networks, where each level is responsible for its own routing. The Internet has, basically, three levels: the backbones, the mid-levels, and the stub networks. The backbones know how to route between the mid-levels, the mid-levels know how to route between the sites, and each site (being an autonomous system) knows how to route internally. See also Exterior Gateway Protocol, Interior Gateway Protocol, transit network.
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The way to organize WSNs can be divided into three categories: (a) the cluster routing methods; (b) the hierarchical routing method; and (c) the itinerary routing method [14,15].
We evaluated TCBSP using MATLAB, where nodes are employed in the form of tree cluster based structure by hierarchical routing protocol TEEN with decision tree [22] and Dijkstra's shortest path algorithm.
The topics include interval-valued hesitant fuzzy geometric Bonferroni mean aggregation operator, deep learning with large scale dataset for credit card data analysis, improving the histogram for infrequent color-based illustration image classification, an improved intelligent student advising system, and a quality-of-service-aware hierarchical routing protocol based on signal-to-interference plus noise ratio and link duration for mobile ad hoc networks.
They argued that, the comprehensive study of this set of protocols can be helpful for designers of MWSNs in selecting appropriate hierarchical routing protocols for a specific application.
ZHLS (Zone-Based Hierarchical Link-State Routing) [1, 12] protocol incorporates location information into a novel peer-to-peer hierarchical routing approach.
Objective: CHARISMA proposes an intelligent hierarchical routing and paravirtualised architecture that unites two important concepts: devolved offload with shortest path nearest to end-users and an end-to-end security service chain via virtualized open access physical layer security (PLS).
Hierarchical routing techniques divide the network into distinguished clusters.
Most of the existing secure hierarchical routing protocols focus only on the cryptographic solutions to achieve routing security goal.
Their topics include enhancing electronic learning systems and methodologies with advancements in distributed computing technologies, a security framework for networked radio frequency identification, a walk through programming models for sensor networks, a survey of wireless sensor network security attacks, a comparative analysis of hierarchical routing protocols in wireless sensor networks, and a low-loss energy-aware routing protocol for data gathering applications in wireless sensors.
A sampling of topics: new hierarchical routing protocol for WSNs, novel VNS algorithms on asymmetric traveling salesman problems, electric load forecasting, real-time visual feedback enhances Tower of Hanoi manipulation task, and part-of-speech approach to evaluation of textbook reviews, among many others.
It is the most popular hierarchical routing algorithm for sensor networks.
Garcia-Luna-Aceves, "Loop-Free Internet Routing Using Hierarchical Routing Trees," Proceedings of INFOCOM '97, April 7-11, 1997.

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