hierarchy

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hierarchy:

see ministryministry,
in religion, term used to designate the clergy of Protestant churches, particularly those who repudiate the claims of apostolic succession. The ceremony by which the candidate receives the office of a minister is called ordination.
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 and orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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.

Hierarchy

An arrangement or system of ranking one above the other or arranged in a graded series or sequence such as size (large to small), shape (similar or dissimilar), and placement (emphasis or location).

Hierarchy

 

the ordering of parts or elements of a whole from the highest to the lowest.

The term “hierarchy” was introduced not earlier than the second half of the fifth century by Pseudo-Dionysius in his treatises The Celestial Hierarchy and The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy. Until the 19th century, it was used to describe the organization of the Christian church. The development of the conception of hierarchy in science began in the second half of the 19th century. In the social sciences, the conception of hierarchy was originally used to describe class-estate divisions in an antagonistic society (for example, feudal hierarchy) and to characterize the structure of authority, especially of bureaucracy. In contemporary bourgeois sociology, numerous research studies have been devoted to the hierarchy of prestige, the hierarchy of wealth, and the hierarchy of power and control as an expression of social stratification and of social inequality.

With the appearance of the general systems theory in the 20th century, the conception of hierarchy was applied to describe any system objects. Hierarchically organized forms exist in all spheres of objective reality: inorganic, biological, and social. In Marxist philosophy, the idea of the hierarchy of qualitatively irreducible structural levels of matter has been developed. In general organizational theory, hierarchy is seen as the principle of control that secures the effective functioning of the organization. The hierarchy of levels (tiers) of a language is distinguished in linguistics. In graph theory the hierarchically constructed graph (the so-called tree) is used.

L. A. SEDOV

hierarchy

1. Religion a body of persons in holy orders organized into graded ranks
2. Taxonomy a series of ordered groupings within a system, such as the arrangement of plants and animals into classes, orders, families, etc.
3. Linguistics Maths a formal structure, usually represented by a diagram of connected nodes, with a single uppermost element
4. government by an organized priesthood

hierarchy

An organisation with few things, or one thing, at the top and with several things below each other thing. An inverted tree structure. Examples in computing include a directory hierarchy where each directory may contain files or other directories; a hierarchical network (see hierarchical routing), a class hierarchy in object-oriented programming.

hierarchy

A structure that has a predetermined ordering from high to low. For example, all files and folders on the hard disk are organized in a hierarchy (see Win Folder organization).
References in periodicals archive ?
Ainsi, cette hierarchisation des modes de financement correspond bel et bien a l'esprit de la gestion d'une PME familiale.
Qu'elles s'interessent a la hierarchisation sociale des sexes, a la categorie du genre ou aux revendications des femmes, les signataires des differents chapitres s'appliquent, chacune pour leur part, a remettre en question <<la theologie classique androcentrique, du moins sa pretention a temoigner de la verite et de l'universalite (p.
Une hierarchisation des postes censee mettre fin au regne de Soussou et de Fersadou meme s'ils sont toujours actionnaires.
Nodes and edges: a network approach to hierarchisation and state formation in Japan.
Comme a Ieud et a Salistea de Sus, les terres ont ete collectivisees et le premier aspect de la propriete privee (avec les terres), sur laquelle s'appuyait la hierarchisation entre acteurs, etait precisement la maison.
C'est ta cause de ce profond travail de sape moral, lent et sournois, de cette centralisation et de cette hierarchisation dans la longue chaine des donneurs d'ordres et des passeurs de responsabilite, en d'autres termes, c'est parce que le genocide a ete collectivement organise en amont, qu'il a pu, collectivement, se perpetrer en aval.
Toutes ces contributions s'orientent vers le refus de la hierarchisation des religions.
MmeKebour et MmeMalika Boukhari ont passe au crible ces rendez-vous pour en relever les angles de traitement de l'information, sa hierarchisation.
En effet, ni le texte constitutionnel ni la pratique politique ne permettent d'affirmer qu'il existe une hierarchisation entre les deux tenants du pouvoir executif, mais bel et bien une differenciation fonctionnelle et une complementarite de leurs actions, appuyant ainsi la pertinence du choix d'un executif bicephale.
Alternative approaches and perhaps new terminologies will be essential if we are to fully grasp the range of social forms implicated in the expansion and hierarchisation of settlement in Mediterranean and temperate Europe during the first millennium BC.
Pour ces deux acteurs et temoins privilegies de l'histoire recente du patrimoine ethnologique francais, la ratification de la Convention sur le patrimoine immateriel par la France est <<une decision qui rompt avec deux siecles de hierarchisation etatique des biens de culture>>.
Il faut alors admettre ce que l'histoire nous suggere deja: bien souvent, les categories <<heterosexuel>> et <<homosexuel>> ne representent pas tant des efforts honnetes de description, mais plutot un mecanisme de hierarchisation.