hierarchy

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hierarchy:

see ministryministry,
in religion, term used to designate the clergy of Protestant churches, particularly those who repudiate the claims of apostolic succession. The ceremony by which the candidate receives the office of a minister is called ordination.
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 and orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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Hierarchy

An arrangement or system of ranking one above the other or arranged in a graded series or sequence such as size (large to small), shape (similar or dissimilar), and placement (emphasis or location).

Hierarchy

 

the ordering of parts or elements of a whole from the highest to the lowest.

The term “hierarchy” was introduced not earlier than the second half of the fifth century by Pseudo-Dionysius in his treatises The Celestial Hierarchy and The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy. Until the 19th century, it was used to describe the organization of the Christian church. The development of the conception of hierarchy in science began in the second half of the 19th century. In the social sciences, the conception of hierarchy was originally used to describe class-estate divisions in an antagonistic society (for example, feudal hierarchy) and to characterize the structure of authority, especially of bureaucracy. In contemporary bourgeois sociology, numerous research studies have been devoted to the hierarchy of prestige, the hierarchy of wealth, and the hierarchy of power and control as an expression of social stratification and of social inequality.

With the appearance of the general systems theory in the 20th century, the conception of hierarchy was applied to describe any system objects. Hierarchically organized forms exist in all spheres of objective reality: inorganic, biological, and social. In Marxist philosophy, the idea of the hierarchy of qualitatively irreducible structural levels of matter has been developed. In general organizational theory, hierarchy is seen as the principle of control that secures the effective functioning of the organization. The hierarchy of levels (tiers) of a language is distinguished in linguistics. In graph theory the hierarchically constructed graph (the so-called tree) is used.

L. A. SEDOV

hierarchy

1. Religion a body of persons in holy orders organized into graded ranks
2. Taxonomy a series of ordered groupings within a system, such as the arrangement of plants and animals into classes, orders, families, etc.
3. Linguistics Maths a formal structure, usually represented by a diagram of connected nodes, with a single uppermost element
4. government by an organized priesthood

hierarchy

An organisation with few things, or one thing, at the top and with several things below each other thing. An inverted tree structure. Examples in computing include a directory hierarchy where each directory may contain files or other directories; a hierarchical network (see hierarchical routing), a class hierarchy in object-oriented programming.

hierarchy

A structure that has a predetermined ordering from high to low. For example, all files and folders on the hard disk are organized in a hierarchy (see Win Folder organization).
References in periodicals archive ?
Selon le parcours "ideal" et hierarchise par l'Etat, les apprentis artistes de cirque doivent debuter leur formation dans une ou plusieurs ecoles preparatoires, avant de postuler pour l'ENACR, s'y former en deux ans pour obtenir son diplome, pour enfin integrer l'ENSAC pour une duree de trois ans.
Dans ce systeme traditionnel de repartition des differences sexuees, roles et affects sont clairement divises et hierarchises entre les hommes et les femmes.
La reduire au geste organisateur d'un lexicographe particulier, qui recense et hierarchise les significations, reviendrait a la simplifier abusivement.
Enfin, elles s'appuient souvent sur les presupposes de la theorie de Lerdhal et Jackendoff, par exemple sur un modele de contrametricite du a Longuet-Higgins et Lee (1984), qui n'a de sens que dans un cadre metrique hierarchise en temps forts et faibles oo un poids different est attribue a ces deux types de <<temps>>.
Comment peut-on en effet operer une telle differenciation au sein d'un clerge aussi hierarchise et hermetique que celui qui regente l'Iran depuis maintenant 34 ans ?
La population de la rue forme une population heterogene dont l'eclatement apparent revele un systeme subjectif et hierarchise des individus.
Mallarme assures his friend Cazalis, in a letter dated 18 July 1868, that indeed he does not purposely try to be obscure; rather, Mallarme writes, "mon oeuvre est si bien prepare et hierarchise, representant comme il le peut l'Univers" (I, 279).
De cette perspective, il apparait souvent difficile de ramener le traitement a un type de service situe dans un systeme hierarchise.
28) Cependant l'on sait (Lacan, 1966; Derrida, 1971) que l'on peut tenir un discours theologique sans pourtant croire en Dieu, ni maintenir Dieu: il suffit pour cela d'hypostasier quelque chose qui hierarchise le sens, la signification, et les valeurs, par reference a une valeur ultime.
Ce comportement hierarchise se constate le plus souvent dans des pays comme le Bangladesh oo les inegalites de pouvoir, d'influence et de chances sont extremes.
Les chercheurs s'inserent dans un champ scientifique structure et hierarchise dans lequel les differentes disciplines entretiennent des rapports de force, de domination voir de << sujetion >> dont il est difficile de se departir dans l'elaboration scientifique.
Nous sommes loin des jeux d'inversion dichotomiques structuralistes, loin aussi des descriptions ethnologiques classiques de << la representation de la maladie chez les X >>, qui en proposent un tableau coherent, structure, hierarchise, mais centre de fait sur certaines maladies a haut rendement symbolique, relevant preferentiellement du registre magico-religieux, et ignorant les autres.