hierarchy

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hierarchy:

see ministryministry,
in religion, term used to designate the clergy of Protestant churches, particularly those who repudiate the claims of apostolic succession. The ceremony by which the candidate receives the office of a minister is called ordination.
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 and orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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Hierarchy

An arrangement or system of ranking one above the other or arranged in a graded series or sequence such as size (large to small), shape (similar or dissimilar), and placement (emphasis or location).

Hierarchy

 

the ordering of parts or elements of a whole from the highest to the lowest.

The term “hierarchy” was introduced not earlier than the second half of the fifth century by Pseudo-Dionysius in his treatises The Celestial Hierarchy and The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy. Until the 19th century, it was used to describe the organization of the Christian church. The development of the conception of hierarchy in science began in the second half of the 19th century. In the social sciences, the conception of hierarchy was originally used to describe class-estate divisions in an antagonistic society (for example, feudal hierarchy) and to characterize the structure of authority, especially of bureaucracy. In contemporary bourgeois sociology, numerous research studies have been devoted to the hierarchy of prestige, the hierarchy of wealth, and the hierarchy of power and control as an expression of social stratification and of social inequality.

With the appearance of the general systems theory in the 20th century, the conception of hierarchy was applied to describe any system objects. Hierarchically organized forms exist in all spheres of objective reality: inorganic, biological, and social. In Marxist philosophy, the idea of the hierarchy of qualitatively irreducible structural levels of matter has been developed. In general organizational theory, hierarchy is seen as the principle of control that secures the effective functioning of the organization. The hierarchy of levels (tiers) of a language is distinguished in linguistics. In graph theory the hierarchically constructed graph (the so-called tree) is used.

L. A. SEDOV

hierarchy

1. Religion a body of persons in holy orders organized into graded ranks
2. Taxonomy a series of ordered groupings within a system, such as the arrangement of plants and animals into classes, orders, families, etc.
3. Linguistics Maths a formal structure, usually represented by a diagram of connected nodes, with a single uppermost element
4. government by an organized priesthood

hierarchy

An organisation with few things, or one thing, at the top and with several things below each other thing. An inverted tree structure. Examples in computing include a directory hierarchy where each directory may contain files or other directories; a hierarchical network (see hierarchical routing), a class hierarchy in object-oriented programming.

hierarchy

A structure that has a predetermined ordering from high to low. For example, all files and folders on the hard disk are organized in a hierarchy (see Win Folder organization).
References in periodicals archive ?
Suite h la creation des premieres ecoles en 1974 et l'apparition d'un marche de la formation professionnelle, le ministere de la Culture structure la formation circassienne en elaborant un schema pyramidal et hierarchise, a partir de la creation d'une ecole nationale superieure: I'ENSAC du CNAC.
Il n'y a pas une memoire du socialisme --autrement dit, un discours collectif que la societe entiere tiendrait sur son passe--, mais des memoires du socialisme --c'est-a-dire des discours divers que differents groupes tiennent sur le passe et qui se trouvent hierarchises par le controle que ces derniers arrivent a avoir sur les canaux de transmission du << savoir legitime >>.
Tout en temoignant de la pluralite des pratiques biomedicales, faconnees par un contexte social donne, son ethnographie hospitaliere met en scene les rapports sociaux hierarchises entre soignants ; entre soignants, soignes et leurs familles ; et enfin, entre genres.
En meme temps, l'hopital est un espace politique puisqu'il engage des relations entre groupes hierarchises, entre acteurs, entre savoirs, entre valeurs qui, pour certaines, font office de normes.
Cette approche permet de rejoindre les personnes les plus vulnerables en pronant une serie d'objectifs hierarchises visant la satisfaction des besoins les plus urgents d'abord (AITQ, 2006).
Parvenir a la << desindividuation >> revient donc a participer de cet atman diffus qui constitue l'univers en un tout indivis: un tout, ou une completude (sampurnta), dont les elements n'existent que dans leur interconnexion dynamique et qui se caracterise par sa ductilite et non par sa capacite a articuler des composants et des plans hierarchises.
Dans le Perou du XVIIe siecle, on trouve des peninsulaires deja hierarchises entre eux, soit des chretiens et des nouveaux chretiens, c'est-a-dire des Juifs convertis au catholicisme et leurs descendants.
Et meme si, de facon generale, chaque Congolais est rattache a quatre lignages fondamentaux, ceux-ci sont hierarchises, et seuls deux lignages (celui du pere et celui de la mere) gardent une veritable influence qui, elle-meme, varie selon qu'on se trouve en systeme patrilineaire ou matrilineaire.