hierarchy

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hierarchy:

see ministryministry,
in religion, term used to designate the clergy of Protestant churches, particularly those who repudiate the claims of apostolic succession. The ceremony by which the candidate receives the office of a minister is called ordination.
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 and orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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.

Hierarchy

An arrangement or system of ranking one above the other or arranged in a graded series or sequence such as size (large to small), shape (similar or dissimilar), and placement (emphasis or location).

Hierarchy

 

the ordering of parts or elements of a whole from the highest to the lowest.

The term “hierarchy” was introduced not earlier than the second half of the fifth century by Pseudo-Dionysius in his treatises The Celestial Hierarchy and The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy. Until the 19th century, it was used to describe the organization of the Christian church. The development of the conception of hierarchy in science began in the second half of the 19th century. In the social sciences, the conception of hierarchy was originally used to describe class-estate divisions in an antagonistic society (for example, feudal hierarchy) and to characterize the structure of authority, especially of bureaucracy. In contemporary bourgeois sociology, numerous research studies have been devoted to the hierarchy of prestige, the hierarchy of wealth, and the hierarchy of power and control as an expression of social stratification and of social inequality.

With the appearance of the general systems theory in the 20th century, the conception of hierarchy was applied to describe any system objects. Hierarchically organized forms exist in all spheres of objective reality: inorganic, biological, and social. In Marxist philosophy, the idea of the hierarchy of qualitatively irreducible structural levels of matter has been developed. In general organizational theory, hierarchy is seen as the principle of control that secures the effective functioning of the organization. The hierarchy of levels (tiers) of a language is distinguished in linguistics. In graph theory the hierarchically constructed graph (the so-called tree) is used.

L. A. SEDOV

hierarchy

1. Religion a body of persons in holy orders organized into graded ranks
2. Taxonomy a series of ordered groupings within a system, such as the arrangement of plants and animals into classes, orders, families, etc.
3. Linguistics Maths a formal structure, usually represented by a diagram of connected nodes, with a single uppermost element
4. government by an organized priesthood

hierarchy

An organisation with few things, or one thing, at the top and with several things below each other thing. An inverted tree structure. Examples in computing include a directory hierarchy where each directory may contain files or other directories; a hierarchical network (see hierarchical routing), a class hierarchy in object-oriented programming.

hierarchy

A structure that has a predetermined ordering from high to low. For example, all files and folders on the hard disk are organized in a hierarchy (see Win Folder organization).
References in periodicals archive ?
My own research argues that AOC recognition and vigneron collective identification were connected to issues of social hierarchization, ties to the land, local political power and family history.
Despite Kitty's disavowal of her daughter's racial consciousness, Clare has reached an epiphany towards the end of the novel and can recognize Jamaica as the locus of unfair racial and social (the two being intricately linked) hierarchization.
The replacement of many permanent with sessional positions has led to an unprecedented hierarchization of labour within humanities departments.
By accepting the implicit hierarchization of the high art/low art division, and by removing the words from their sonic context, Weinstein ends up defending Waters as an artist appreciated only by a "select audience," by "those who know how to listen" (pp.
Logistics sophistication is based on a gradual increase of intra- and inter-organizational integration resulting from process hierarchization.
Without going into the details of a thesis that disqualifies the ideological divisions between kinds of knowledge, and thus also their social hierarchization, we can at least point out that this tactic ties together (moral) freedom, (esthetic) creation, and a (practical) act -- three elements already present in the practice of la perruque, that modern day example of an everyday tactic (de Certeau 1984: 74).
Such a situation in which context and content are reversible emerges when a reflexive statement cannot be stabilized by a hierarchization of levels of discourse.
For the marks that once indicated status, privilege and affiliation were increasingly replaced--or at least supplemented--by a whole range of degrees of normality indicating membership of a homogeneous social body but also playing a part in classification, hierarchization and the distribution of rank.
Because the field is "a structure of objective relations between positions of force," participants within the field attempt to "impose the principle of hierarchization most favorable to their own products" (p.
Exploring Renaissance rhetoric, logic and print, agonistic engagement and sexuality, the hierarchization of the senses, literacy and attitudes toward the word in text-based communities, and other aspects of the relationships among technology, consciousness, and culture, Ong helped to bring together the anthropological, linguistic, philosophic, and psychoanalytic study of orality and literacy with the historical study of printing and the book.
The elements of reform were providing for a cadre of technical personnel trained to conduct joint and combined operations; a smaller number of operational units with adequate logistic support and capacity for extended operations; commands and staffs with training in operations, planning, and supporting headquarters; mobilization plans to increase operational capabilities; the resources to achieve objectives; and hierarchization of military personnel with proper remuneration.