hierarchy

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hierarchy:

see ministryministry,
in religion, term used to designate the clergy of Protestant churches, particularly those who repudiate the claims of apostolic succession. The ceremony by which the candidate receives the office of a minister is called ordination.
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 and orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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.

Hierarchy

An arrangement or system of ranking one above the other or arranged in a graded series or sequence such as size (large to small), shape (similar or dissimilar), and placement (emphasis or location).

Hierarchy

 

the ordering of parts or elements of a whole from the highest to the lowest.

The term “hierarchy” was introduced not earlier than the second half of the fifth century by Pseudo-Dionysius in his treatises The Celestial Hierarchy and The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy. Until the 19th century, it was used to describe the organization of the Christian church. The development of the conception of hierarchy in science began in the second half of the 19th century. In the social sciences, the conception of hierarchy was originally used to describe class-estate divisions in an antagonistic society (for example, feudal hierarchy) and to characterize the structure of authority, especially of bureaucracy. In contemporary bourgeois sociology, numerous research studies have been devoted to the hierarchy of prestige, the hierarchy of wealth, and the hierarchy of power and control as an expression of social stratification and of social inequality.

With the appearance of the general systems theory in the 20th century, the conception of hierarchy was applied to describe any system objects. Hierarchically organized forms exist in all spheres of objective reality: inorganic, biological, and social. In Marxist philosophy, the idea of the hierarchy of qualitatively irreducible structural levels of matter has been developed. In general organizational theory, hierarchy is seen as the principle of control that secures the effective functioning of the organization. The hierarchy of levels (tiers) of a language is distinguished in linguistics. In graph theory the hierarchically constructed graph (the so-called tree) is used.

L. A. SEDOV

hierarchy

1. Religion a body of persons in holy orders organized into graded ranks
2. Taxonomy a series of ordered groupings within a system, such as the arrangement of plants and animals into classes, orders, families, etc.
3. Linguistics Maths a formal structure, usually represented by a diagram of connected nodes, with a single uppermost element
4. government by an organized priesthood

hierarchy

An organisation with few things, or one thing, at the top and with several things below each other thing. An inverted tree structure. Examples in computing include a directory hierarchy where each directory may contain files or other directories; a hierarchical network (see hierarchical routing), a class hierarchy in object-oriented programming.

hierarchy

A structure that has a predetermined ordering from high to low. For example, all files and folders on the hard disk are organized in a hierarchy (see Win Folder organization).
References in periodicals archive ?
2) Let us now compare Vodicka's conception of hierarchized theme with Dolezel's approach, as it was developed in and adapted for the Czech version of Narrative Modes in Czech Literature (Narativni zp usoby v ceske literature, 1993).
What Kroha represses here is the way in which the Oedipus complex constructs that difference as hierarchized, with woman representing the "hole" whereby adult masculinity constructs itself as "whole"--woman as "the other" who herself has no other.
As distinguished from the shorter, more restrictive Protestant Bible, the Catholic Canon is hierarchized into "protocanonical" works (that is, works of the "first" or highest inspiration, the synoptic Gospels for instance) and "deuterocanonical" (that is, works previously contested but finally accepted as inspired, such as the Apocalypse).
Despite its self-confidence, Defaux's main conclusion - that Sceve veers away from Marotic (hence Evangelical) conceptions of hierarchized love - conflicts with Francois Rigolot's essay explaining Sceve's obscurity in Pauline terms.
The inherent imbalance between the partners' contributions may be complicated by a political imbalance between them; often, collaborations involve partners whose relation is hierarchized by some difference - in race, culture, gender, class, age, or (in the case of narratives of illness or disability) somatic condition.
In addition, a brief discussion of this instance allows us to situate in a literary context the metaphysical origins of dhvani aesthetic in the hierarchized levels of language awareness.
Lehmann, Hogan and I also refer to this hierarchized notion of language awareness; it is a central concept for all.
The changes reflect a shift away, both within the culture and the psyches of individual readers, from a view of society and heterosexuality as rigidly hierarchized and antagonistic toward a view of love as based on mutual respect, power, and regard.
This strategy naturalizes a spatial and relational organization of discourse, hierarchized binary oppositions, which sustains a peculiarly Western sensibility--mind/body, Truth/reflected truth, soul/senses, philosopher/ordinary man (but not woman), etc.
As Hayden White has argued, historians since the nineteenth century have hierarchized various kinds of history.
In any case, the overall aim was not to deny the presence of hierarchized domains of knowledge but to put them into question in terms of both the book's argument and its structure.
Far from a reaction against the natural or the rural, this stylized transaction with cultural and literary expectations offers subtle, oblique resistance to masculinist norms, including the arbitrary distinctions drawn between nature and culture, hierarchized distinctions with implications for gender and national identity.