hierarchy


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hierarchy:

see ministryministry,
in religion, term used to designate the clergy of Protestant churches, particularly those who repudiate the claims of apostolic succession. The ceremony by which the candidate receives the office of a minister is called ordination.
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 and orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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.

Hierarchy

An arrangement or system of ranking one above the other or arranged in a graded series or sequence such as size (large to small), shape (similar or dissimilar), and placement (emphasis or location).

Hierarchy

 

the ordering of parts or elements of a whole from the highest to the lowest.

The term “hierarchy” was introduced not earlier than the second half of the fifth century by Pseudo-Dionysius in his treatises The Celestial Hierarchy and The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy. Until the 19th century, it was used to describe the organization of the Christian church. The development of the conception of hierarchy in science began in the second half of the 19th century. In the social sciences, the conception of hierarchy was originally used to describe class-estate divisions in an antagonistic society (for example, feudal hierarchy) and to characterize the structure of authority, especially of bureaucracy. In contemporary bourgeois sociology, numerous research studies have been devoted to the hierarchy of prestige, the hierarchy of wealth, and the hierarchy of power and control as an expression of social stratification and of social inequality.

With the appearance of the general systems theory in the 20th century, the conception of hierarchy was applied to describe any system objects. Hierarchically organized forms exist in all spheres of objective reality: inorganic, biological, and social. In Marxist philosophy, the idea of the hierarchy of qualitatively irreducible structural levels of matter has been developed. In general organizational theory, hierarchy is seen as the principle of control that secures the effective functioning of the organization. The hierarchy of levels (tiers) of a language is distinguished in linguistics. In graph theory the hierarchically constructed graph (the so-called tree) is used.

L. A. SEDOV

hierarchy

1. Religion a body of persons in holy orders organized into graded ranks
2. Taxonomy a series of ordered groupings within a system, such as the arrangement of plants and animals into classes, orders, families, etc.
3. Linguistics Maths a formal structure, usually represented by a diagram of connected nodes, with a single uppermost element
4. government by an organized priesthood

hierarchy

An organisation with few things, or one thing, at the top and with several things below each other thing. An inverted tree structure. Examples in computing include a directory hierarchy where each directory may contain files or other directories; a hierarchical network (see hierarchical routing), a class hierarchy in object-oriented programming.

hierarchy

A structure that has a predetermined ordering from high to low. For example, all files and folders on the hard disk are organized in a hierarchy (see Win Folder organization).
References in periodicals archive ?
The practice in the 1940s, 1950s and early 1960s of allowing illegitimate children to be removed from the state for the purposes of adoption, when considered in light of the pressures that finally compelled the State to act on the issue in 1951-52, suggest that lawmakers and the Hierarchy were more concerned, at least into the 1960s, with the preservation of Ireland's self-image and reputation abroad, and with the preservation of the faith of illegitim ate children, than with the needs and best interests of those children.
Keeping inactive disks in a removable storage cell significantly reduces needless energy consumption, becoming a significantly more cost-effective element of the storage hierarchy.
Currently, in between trips to Washington to explain his hierarchy, he's working on an ecoregions map of the oceans.
In fact, if the hierarchy takes a pause and sit down to make an objective review of the conditions on the ground, it itself would sit up horrified.
The GAAP hierarchy, which currently resides in the AICPA's Statement on Auditing Standards No.
The first might be called a controlling or command hierarchy, with virtually all decisions coming from the top and minimal or no input from below.
The most troubling part of the book is chapter 5 ("Priests and the Catholic Revolution") where Greeley discusses what he calls the "Catholic Revolution"--a revolution opposed by the "prophets of doom" in the Church, but supported by the "lower clergy and the laity" who have "simply turned the (Church's) hierarchy off.
Ideally, the migration of data from one level of the storage hierarchy to another should be transparent.
Proving the truth or falsehood of Cantor's continuum hypothesis boils down to answering this: Where does the set of real numbers sit in the hierarchy of infinite sets?
Frankenstein's monster in relation to Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.
The Catholic hierarchy has often used the Red Mass as a platform to lobby Supreme Court justices on behalf of the church's stands on church and state, religious school vouchers, abortion and other concerns.