sprain

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sprain,

stretching or wrenching of the ligaments and tendons of a joint, often with rupture of the tissues but without dislocation. Sprains occur most commonly at the ankle, knee, or wrist joints, causing pain, swelling, and difficulty in moving the involved joint. Treatment consists of application of ice bags or cold compresses, elevation of the injured part, and strapping or bandaging to substitute for the support usually given by the ligaments. A severe ankle sprain may require a cast to immobilize the joint for healing. See first aidfirst aid,
immediate and temporary treatment of a victim of sudden illness or injury while awaiting the arrival of medical aid. Proper early measures may be instrumental in saving life and ensuring a better and more rapid recovery.
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Sprain

 

an injury of such soft tissues as muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves, caused by the impact of a force that stretches them but does not disrupt their anatomic integrity. Sprains occur when abrupt movements exceed a joint’s normal range of movement, as when a foot is twisted or when an athlete throws an object.

Sprains are most common in the ligaments of the ankle and knee joints. The sprain is not caused by stretching of the ligament, which is tissue with a very small reserve of elasticity. Rather, the cause is rupture of some of the ligament’s fibers and hemorrhage within the tissues. The degree of sprain varies from slight soreness lasting one to two days to severe sprain bordering on rupture of the ligament, with edema, hemorrhage, and soreness continuing for two to three weeks. In sprain, the joint’s movements are limited. Sprains of nerve trunks, which sometimes accompany dislocations of the joints, temporarily disrupt the nerve’s conductivity and consequently cause loss of motor and sensory functions. With all types and degrees of sprain, X rays are used to ascertain whether a bone has been fractured.

In the case of slight sprains, the area is bandaged tightly and the patient rests for one to three days. In severe cases, a plaster cast is used to immobilize the joint for three weeks. Subsequent treatment consists of physiotherapy and therapeutic exercise.

V. F. POZHARISKII

sprain

[sprān]
(medicine)
A wrenching of a joint, producing a stretching or laceration of the ligaments.

sprain

a sudden twisting or wrenching of the ligaments of a joint
References in periodicals archive ?
Tibiofibular syndesmotic sprains, or high ankle sprains, are less common.
One problem is that the symptoms of high ankle sprains parallel those of the lateral ankle sprain, which occurs in the lower ankle area," says Marque Allen, DPM, FACFAS, foot and ankle surgeon from San Antonio, Texas and a Fellow of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons.
Towers and colleagues identified for the first time an indirect sign of syndesmotic tear, a frequently misdiagnosed injury more commonly known as high ankle sprain.
The Rams, playing without senior point guard Jake Ryan, who is out indefinitely with a high ankle sprain, were led by sophomore Antonio Becerril's 21 points and 10 rebounds.
It's a high ankle sprain, but luckily we've got some time to recover, and hopefully he'll be ready to go.
Gronkowski was slowed by a high ankle sprain and caught only two passes for 26 yards.
Exactly how many of those players will be able to suit up for USC in 13 days remains to be seen, with Daniel Hackett sidelined indefinitely with a broken jaw, Simmons out with a high ankle sprain, Gibson day to day with a sprained left ankle and Lewis nursing a sore quadriceps.
Ruben Jackson, a flanker with a high ankle sprain who did not play against USC and ASU, "said he would be ready (for UCLA) but I'm not sure," Riley said.
It likely would have taken much more than a high ankle sprain to keep Gronkowski on the sideline for the biggest game of his young life.
Although X-rays of Ketchum's right ankle were negative, sources said he suffered a high ankle sprain and is expected to miss more than a month.
Junior linebacker Jonathan Pollard's high ankle sprain has improved and he is scheduled to start against New Mexico.
After that, Rob Gronkowski and his high ankle sprain dominated the discussion.