The hindered settling and the colloidal forces essentially maintain a tight homoegneuous mixture.
Thickening to the point of hindered settling provides a step-change in how the materials behave in the pipeline and upon deposition.
x = fraction of eddies with velocities exceeding the hindered settling
velocity of the particles
Winterwerp; Hindered settling of mud flocs: Theory and validation, Continental Shelf Research: 27 (14) 1893-1907 (2007)
Matsuoka; CFD approach for simulation of bitumen froth settling process--Part I: Hindered settling of aggregates, Fuel: 87 (3) 380-387 (2008)
Chapter 8 on fluidization in packed beds has been expanded and includes a section on sedimentation and hindered settling
in non-Newtonian fluids.
By passing through the clarification, hindered settling
and compression zones, conducitivity, which is related to solids concentration, can be measured at set intervals and the raw data converted into a continuous bed profile.
An example of hindered settling is the physical action that settles heavier particles in the pool of a mechanical classifier.
In the mining literature, hindered settling is given as the reason minerals are concentrated in a jig.
Following on this was the development of a heavy mineral spiral with excellent performance characteristics using hindered settling
principles more effectively without the danger of beaching.