This study looked at the development of movement dynamics of handwriting in 1st graders at the Kobe University Elementary School who learned to write hiragana
, a phonetic script used for Japanese.
The letters in hiragana
were jumbled without changing the head symbols and kanji, so that the letter string prevented even basic word recognition.
Baseline Relations Training (BT) The prerequisite conditional discriminations were trained with 27 Hiragana
characters, divided into three sets of three, three-member equivalence classes (see Fig.
Early print-tuned ERP response with minimal involvement of linguistic processing in Japanese Hiragana
In the 11th century, hiragana
was employed as the writing system exclusively for ladies, while Chinese was being used among learned men.
This common orientation of all five statues strongly argues that the linear patterns were indeed designed to form an archaic alphabet system, perhaps one similar to that employed in Japanese Hiragana
5) They are written either in hiragana
or in katakana, therefore recognizable in an environment dominated by Japanese characters (kanji).
Where kanji contain a meaning, but no inherent sound, each hiragana
character represents a sound, but has no inherent meaning -- like a letter in the Latin alphabet.
It also has calligraphy tutorials for kanji, Hiragana
, and Katakana and audio pronunciation for every word.
The initial o is the honorific prefix written in hiragana
(the cursive syllabary).
The focus is squarely on swiftly assimilating spoken Japanese, not the hiragana
, katakana, or kanji writing systems; all the Japanese vocabulary words are romanized.
They first introduce transliteration and the two sets of phonetic characters, the hiragana
and the katakana (the kana), then punctuation and ideographic characters (the kanji) and how they arose and are put together, what they mean, how to find them in a character dictionary, and how to write, pronounce, and learn them.