Comparative Grammar

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Related to historical linguistics: descriptive linguistics, structural linguistics

Comparative Grammar


the comparative genetic study of the phonetics (phonology), morphophonemics, word formation, inflection, and sometimes the syntax of a family or group of related languages. A comparative grammar together with an etymological dictionary can summarize the results of the comparative genetic study of a family (group) of languages.

The first comparative grammars of the Indo-European languages were written by F. Bopp and A. Schleicher. A more complete comparative grammar of the Indo-European languages was written by K. Brugmann and B. Delbrück. Since the second half of the 19th century and throughout the 20th century, individual branches of the Indo-European family of languages and of other families and groups of languages have been the subject of comparative grammatical studies.


SravniteV naia grammatika germanskikh iazykov, vols. 1–4. Moscow, 1962–66.
Bernshtein, S. B. Ocherk sravnitel’noi grammatiki slavianskikh iazykov [vols. 1–2], Moscow 1961–74.
Brugmann, K., and B. Delbrück. Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik, vols. 1–2. Strassburg, 1897–1916.
Caldwell, R. A Comparative Grammar of the Dravidian or South-Indian Family of Languages, 3rd ed. London, 1913.
Collinder, B. Comparative Grammar of the Uralte Languages. Stockholm, 1960.
Poppe, N. Vergleichende Grammatik der altaischen Sprachen, part 1. Wiesbaden, 1960.
An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages. Wiesbaden, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
The outrigger and sail are attested in Malayo-Polynesian (not in Taiwan) by historical linguistics, but the fixed mast and standing rigging, critical to long-distance windward sailing, and the double canoe did not appear until much later (Pawley & Pawley 1994; Blust 1999; Anderson 2000).
The other article, which is actually the first in the volume, is by the Northwestern University linguist/historian, David Schoenbrun, and uses historical linguistics to assess historical changes in the institution of slavery on a wider geographic basis within the Great lakes region of East Africa.
As far as historical linguistics is concerned, the paper appears inconclusive.
Lead" is a fantasy that necessarily involved a great deal of research in historical linguistics.
Coverage includes an overview of the historical linguistics, semiotics, and neuroscience perspectives on what language is; the author's suggestions for remedying the current situations in linguistics and semiotics and developing a new direction for linguistics, semiotics, and neuroscience; extensive discussion of the structure and function of the brain, with regard to the individual aspect of language, based on the author's findings from clinical practice and academic research conducted over the past 20 years; and how content and expression function in the brain from the point of view of production and reception.
Many linguistics and Romance literature degrees have reduced the requirements for course work in historical linguistics and concomitantly positions in academe for historical Romance linguistics have declined.
The article provides an example of the application of the techniques and results of historical linguistics to traditional problems in the philosophy of language.
This Historical Linguistics of Native America (New York, 1997), chapter 3.
phonetics and pronunciation, historical linguistics, and the history and
Given that historical linguistics uses many discrete pieces of information, quantitative and technical methods of this sort are long overdue.
A valuable teaching and reference tool for instructors and students of historical linguistics.

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