Hitch

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hitch

[hich]
(geology)
A fault of strata common in coal measures, accompanied by displacement.
A minor dislocation of a vein or stratum not exceeding in extent the thickness of the vein or stratum.
(mining engineering)
A step cut in the rock face to hold timber support in an underground working.
A hole cut in side rock solid enough to hold the cap of a set of timbers, permitting the leg to be dispensed with.

Hitch

 

in agriculture, a device for attaching several machines to a tractor in order to use the pulling force of the tractor efficiently and to increase the productivity of the unit. Hitches may be general-purpose, special-purpose, trailer, semimounted, or mounted.

General-purpose trailer hitches are used to connect tractors with trailed machines. They consist of two or three beams equipped with extension arms and support wheels and hinged to follow the terrain irregularities better. The machines and extension arms are attached to the beams with clamps that can be moved to ensure correct positioning of the machines or equipment in the unit. The hitch has a tongue for attachment to the tractor. Special-purpose hitches do not usually have wheels; they are composed of links that join the machines to each other, as in plowing combines.

Semimounted hitches are used to attach a tractor to a unit of three mounted machines, each with a working width of 1.8–2.8 m. One machine is fitted to the mounting system of the tractor, and the two others are attached to side mountings on the hitch, similar to the tractor’s own mounting system. Each mounting on the hitch is equipped with a hydraulic cylinder that is operated by the tractor’s hydraulic system; it is used only for lifting the mounted machine. The machine is lowered by its own weight. The proper spacing of machines with different working widths can be achieved by moving the carriage of the hitch’s mounting mechanism along the beam.

A general-purpose hitch can be used to mount harrow units on tractors of small and medium capacity. The harrow units are attached to the post and brackets of the mounting by means of a hinged brace, two long chains, and one short chain. In order to mount harrow units of different working widths, the brackets of the mounting are moved along the beam. One hitch beam can carry three toothed harrow units or two latticed harrow units. A hitch beam may be extended by inserting two tubes in openings in both sides of the beam. The tubes are smaller in diameter than the beam and are welded to brackets for mounting one toothed harrow unit each, for a total of five harrow units.

A. D. UGAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
ALL SMILES: From left, Kate, 19, and Alison, 20 after their 2,200 mile hitch-hike to Munich and back
The singers would hitch-hike to next year's venue in Belgrade and appear on stage riding bicycles and wearing ethically sound "fair trade" ponchos woven by Brazilian Indians.
Those taking part can hitch-hike or try to get free or sponsored travel by any means possible.
Shivute, who used to hitch-hike to games and bought his own boots and training gear, added: "I am learning all the time here.
Stan and his pal had set off to hitch-hike from Glasgow to Lisbon five days before Celtic took the field on May 25, 1967.
I was due at the church in five minutes - and the only solution was for me to hitch-hike.
SOCCER fanatic Aidan Kelliher is so desperate to get to the World Cup finals he is planning to hitch-hike to the Far East.
Ramon, who will hitch-hike on his year-long trek, got the idea from a man who begged money on the internet.
They did not believe it was possible to hitch-hike around Ireland the way he had done it.
It will also be a warning for people not to hitch-hike.