hoe


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hoe,

usually a flat blade, variously shaped, set in a long wooden handle and used primarily for weeding and for loosening the soil. It was the first distinctly agricultural implement. The earliest hoes were forked sticks. Heavy flaked-stone implements mounted with bitumen were used in Mesopotamia in the 5th millennium B.C. They occur together with flint-bladed sickles and grinding stones—all of which are indications of farming settlements. Hoe blades were made of animal antlers and scapulae, or shoulder blades, and of shells. Variations on the hoe, such as the pick, the adz, and the plowplow
or plough,
agricultural implement used to cut furrows in and turn up the soil, preparing it for planting. The plow is generally considered the most important tillage tool.
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, appeared as the blade progressed from stone to copper, bronze, iron, and steel. Modern garden hoes are of two types, the drag hoe and the thrust hoe. Truck farms use light scraping hoes, chopping hoes, and multibladed hoes, and in large-scale agriculture a cultivating implement called a rotary hoe is used for weeding. The hoe symbolizes the garden horticulture that sustained high civilizations, such as those of pre-Columbian America.

Bibliography

See M. Partridge, Farm Tools Through the Ages (1973).

Hoe

 

(in Russian, motyga; also motyka, sapka, tsapka, and tiapka), a manual agricultural tool for loosening the soil and killing weeds. It consists of a working element and a wooden handle set perpendicular to it. Hoes appeared in the early farming cultures of the Neolithic period (at first in Southwest Asia, and then, with the spread of agriculture, in other countries). The working part of early hoes was made of hard wood, rock, bone, horn, and carapaces of turtles; those of modern hoes are made of steel. With the appearance of plowing implements, hoes came to be used primarily in caring for growing plants. Only among certain peoples in the tropical forest zones of Africa and South-east Asia do they continue to be used as the primary implement for tillage.

hoe

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(design engineering)
An implement consisting of a long handle with a thin, flat, straight-edged blade attached transversely to the end; used for cultivating and weeding.

backhoe

backhoe attachment on a crane
An excavating machine for cutting trenches; a boom-mounted bucket moves toward the machine, cutting the ground like a hoe; then the machine turns away from the cut to permit the operator to dump the soil.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hoe, 41, formerly of Spencer Terrace, Deighton, was jailed for three years and disqualified from driving for 12 months after he admitted burglary and aggravated vehicle taking.
A new type of cutting hoe was introduced by Wilkinson Sword a few years ago and was named the "Swoe".
Hoe focuses on the positive and in today's world of journalism I found it refreshing.
Scheepers gee in die openingsafdeling nugter verslag van hoe sy kreatiwiteit sien, maak korte mette met skrywersmites en waarsku alle voornemende skrywers oor die verskrikking van kritiek.
Weed dry weight in tine cultivator was less than no weeding, spike hoe and Nominee 100 SC possibly because it uprooted and removed inter-row weeds, controlling early flushes of weeds.
The origins for the Victory Hoe go back to Russian and Ukrainian gardeners, some of the best in the world.
The towable hoe is a little more cumbersome to position, but its diminutive size makes it easy to get into tight spaces, and when attached to a suitable anchor vehicle, it will work well in any digging or lifting situation where the weight of the machine itself might be limiting.
Together Mark and Dave search for companies throughout North America to find quality products like Rogue Hoes to market and sell on the web site.
Hoe regularly to help prevent the regrowth of some perennial weeds.
I moved some old lumber and scrap metal aside and there at the other end of those grey and decaying handles was a rusted wheel hoe.
I have another hoe that has removable working heads.
A farmer worked up a small area of soil with his hoe, dropped in seed and covered it with his foot.