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see feudalismfeudalism
, form of political and social organization typical of Western Europe from the dissolution of Charlemagne's empire to the rise of the absolute monarchies. The term feudalism is derived from the Latin feodum,
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in medieval Western Europe, the ritual act that formalized the conclusion of the vassalic contract. During the ceremony, the future vassal, kneeling unarmed and with uncovered head, placed his joined hands between the hands of the lord with the request that he be accepted as a vassal. The lord then raised him to his feet, and the two exchanged kisses.

In the eighth century the homage was combined with an oath of fealty. Until the 11th century the bond that was established between a lord and a vassal as a result of the homage and oath of fealty was primarily of a personal nature. Afterward, the homage and oath of fealty were accompanied, as a rule, by investiture—the bestowal of a fief on the vassal by the lord.


(in feudal society)
a. the act of respect and allegiance made by a vassal to his lord
b. something done in acknowledgment of vassalage
References in periodicals archive ?
1950) in his crushed-can homage Apollinaire wounded (to Ward Jackson), but by 1961, his neo-Dadaism is turned into a terse poem on the same subject, obsessively annotated and revised (with the dates "10/3/61-10/4/61, 10/13/61" written on the sheet in a spidery hand).
A florid Paul Jenkins--like homage, Vincent at Auvers, 1960, is embarrassingly sentimental: AS FOR MY WORK, we read Vincent writing (in Flavin's exquisite penmanship), I DO IT AT MY LIFE'S RISK AND HALF MY REASON HAS FOUNDERED IN IT.
Here was a classic faux pas in the homage syndrome.
He would have done better to stay with his approach in the gestural, unfinished Homage to the Square: Study to Nocturne, 1951, which was placed just outside the room filled with glass works, and seemed more alive than any of the other "Homages" that were exhibited.
Certain pieces are direct homages to Kasimir Malevich (Hommage au projecteur a decoupe [Homage to the spotlight, 1986], a square "painting" of three different intensities) and to El Lissitsky (Poursuite environnante, dite poursuite proun [Surrounding pursuit, known as proun pursuit, 1988]).
This is all presented in straightforward, semi-confessional lyrics and narratives that explicitly pay homage to poets as different in sensibility as Michael Harper, Paul Beatty, Quincy Troupe, and Frank O'Hara.