homologous


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homologous

, homological, homologic
1. Chem (of a series of organic compounds) having similar characteristics and structure but differing by a number of CH2 groups
2. Med
a. (of two or more tissues) identical in structure
b. (of a vaccine) prepared from the infecting microorganism
3. Biology (of organs and parts) having the same evolutionary origin but different functions
4. Maths (of elements) playing a similar role in distinct figures or functions

homologous

[hə′mäl·ə·gəs]
(biology)
Pertaining to a structural relation between parts of different organisms due to evolutionary development from the same or a corresponding part, such as the wing of a bird and the pectoral fin of a fish.
(geology)
Referring to strata, in separated areas, that are correlatable (contemporaneous) and are of the same general character or facies, or occupy analogous structural positions along the strike.
Pertaining to faults, in separated areas, that have the same relative position or structure.
References in periodicals archive ?
Targeting of the Sall1 locus by using the knockout vector and TALEN-mediated homologous recombination
Recombinant modified vaccinia virus Ankara expressing the hemagglutinin gene confers protection against homologous and heterologous H5N1 influenza virus infections in macaques.
Table 3 shows the percentage identities of the homologous ITS regions of rDNA for specimens from this study compared with the orthologous regions of GenBank specimens.
The chances that two different species can form working homologous pairs are slim.
Molecular biology of GDH-based biotechnology: Some of the GDH-synthesized RNAs that were used as probes were those homologous to mRNAs encoding glucosyltransferase, phosphate translocator [14]; acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC), lipoxygenase (LO) [12]; probes #1 for nitrate reductase (NR) and probe #2 for glycinamide ribonucleotide transformylase/glycinamide ribonucleotide synthetases (GART/GARS) (Table 1).
My discussion will focus on the debate among British botanists that was initiated by Scott's (1895) advocacy of homologous alternation as an alternative to Bower's (1890) hypothesis of antithetic alternation.
This policy results in the haematocrit being at an optimal level during cardiopulmonary bypass surgery, allowing the majority of patients to return to the ICU without having received a transfusion of homologous blood.
By inserting homologous mutations in the AChE and BChE cDNAs, they found that the mutation also resulted in endoplasmic reticulum retention of the two cholinesterases.
Eyes from different phyla were thus considered analogous rather than homologous.
Individual and collective stages of physical, psychological and spiritual development will be compared and their homologous structures examined.
The author asserts that "idolatry" embodies a similar confusion between sign and referent and posits that the relationship between commodity fetishism and idolatry is homologous, "virtually axiomatic" (23).