homophony

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homophony

(hōmŏf`ənē), species of musical ensemble texture in which all voice parts move more or less to the same rhythm, in which a listener tends to hear the highest voice as the melody and the lower voices as its accompaniment. This term is also used for a texture comprising a melodic line with chordal accompaniment

Homophony

 

a type of many-voiced music characterized by the division of voices into the main voice and accompanying voices. It is primarily in this respect that homophony is different from polyphony, which is based on the equality of voices. The flourishing of homophony, for which the humanist ideas of the Renaissance paved the way, took place in the 17th to 19th centuries. Individualized melody, accompanied by the remaining elementary voices, came to be regarded as the element of music which could most naturally and flexibly convey the richness of human feelings. Homophony became established primarily in the new musical genres (opera, oratorio, cantata, and solos with accompaniment) and in instrumental music. The wide dissemination of homophony in Western European music paralleled the rapid development of harmony in the modern meaning of the term. The development of homophony in the 17th through 19th centuries is conventionally divided into two periods. The first of these (1600–1750) is often designated as the period of the general bass (although the greatest polyphonist composers, J. S. Bach and G. F. Handel, lived and worked at this time). The first half (1750–1825) of the second period (1750–1900) is marked by the further development of homophony in the work of the classical Viennese composers. The developed and polyphonized “accompanying” voices in the symphonies and quartets of W. A. Mozart and L. van Beethoven, in their liveliness and thematic significance, often surpass the contrapuntal lines of the old polyphonists, thereby exceeding the confines of the homophonic style of music. In the early 20th century the development of harmony, fundamental to homophonic forms, attained a point beyond which the connective strength of harmonic relations lost its constructive significance. Therefore, together with the continuing development of homophony (S. S. Prokofiev, M. Ravel, and others), interest in the possibilities of polyphony is growing markedly (B. Bartok, P. Hindemith, I. F. Stravinsky, A. von Webern, D. D. Shostakovich, etc.).

IU. N. KHOLOPOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Given that homophonic, homographic and paronymic types of puns emerge semantically relatively unproblematic, (4) the following brief discussion will be apposite to the homonymic variety of pun alone.
But even at the plainest empirical level, we can already see that Catullus is not merely and not properly a homophonic translation by seeing that its translating practice, poem by poem, is inadequately accounted for by reference to phonetic sound alone.
Now for the most pyrotechnic of all homophone acts--20 high-stepping homophonic pairs that turn out to be anagrams of each other:
This Mass is also homophonic for the most part, though there are a few polyphonic passages, many of which were not completely realized by Mozart.
One may also sense a doubling in cases where a word or phrase invokes a nearly but not quite homophonic echo.
Returning to uncapitalised homophonic tautonyms, the English Dialect Dictionary (EDD) includes DEEDY (industrious), PEEPY (drowsy) and TEATY (peevish), while Chambers Dictionary has (screaming) MEEMIE, a hysterical person, and Webster's 3rd has EASIES, stops rowing.
Before translating, I first read the Provencal, listening for a homophonic connection (in several instances, I translate the Provencal word to an equivalent sounding English word).
In between, the little vignette incorporates much two-voice writing without a single four-voice homophonic passage, all of which differentiates it from the later "classic" Parisian narrative chanson of the sort exemplified by Passereau's II est bel et bon, with its tiny snippets of imitation that almost immediately dissolve into full-textured homophonic writing.
Anil has found "another great bit of wordplay, a very apt and aware homophonic 'ladder', a graffito I saw in a street photo on Pinterest.
Nymphs" has a homophonic texture in which the melody is accompanied by widely-spaced broken chords.
Even the simplest sentiments and melodic material are clothed in chunky orchestration that often does little more than double the voice parts; and the choral writing itself is equally tiresome, consisting of either dull homophonic textures or grade one counterpoint.
He employs a natural development of the work, moving between recitative and homophonic trio/choral sections.