homoplasy


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homoplasy

[′hä·mə‚plā·sē]
(biology)
Correspondence between organs or structures in different organisms acquired as a result of evolutionary convergence or of parallel evolution.
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A molecular phylogeny of camaenid land snails from north-western Australia unravels widespread homoplasy in morphological characters (Gastropoda, Helicoidea).
Sequencing identified evidence of allelic homoplasy in locus Ccmic9.
2003, "Descent with Modification: The Unity Underlying Homology and Homoplasy as Seen Through an Analysis of Development and Evolution", Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, vol.
2013), Erythemis was not found as a monophyletic group due to the extensive homoplasy and structural variability observed in its diagnostic characters (Dijkstra et al.
Additionally, gene loci should have a limited amount of extraneous "noise" that can be created by assay-specific genotype errors (for instance, size homoplasy, null alleles, or allele dropout).
2012), the rightward lateralization of CC will be considered as symplesiomorphy or homoplasy in species of genera Acheta and Gryllus.
To what extent this is a facultative or obligate habit among different species of anthomyiids is an open question, but it has evidently been attained through homoplasy in various anthomyiid lineages.
Wimberger (1993): The usefulness of behavior for phylogeny estimation: levels of homoplasy in behavioral and morphological characters.
Phenotypical plasticity and homoplasy complicate species delimitation in the Cladonia gracilis group (Cladoniaceae, Ascomycota).
Data from developmental genetics and phylogenetic analysis provides the comparative framework for studying the evolution of developmental pathways, and becomes the foundation for investigating the role of homoplasy, the repeated evolution of developmental similarity, in developmental evolution.
According to the theory of Conformity Effect in psychology and Energy Minimization in kinetics, the individuals in crowd keep homoplasy in motion field, and they perform with same or similar properties in the same motion pattern.