hoopoe


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hoopoe

(ho͞o`po͞o, –pō), common name for a shy, solitary, Old World woodland bird, Upupa epops. Its body color ranges from cinnamon to chestnut, with white-barred, black wings and tail, and a head topped by a prominent, erectile crest. Hoopoes measure from 10 1-2 to 12 in. (27–30 cm) bill to tail. They are primarily ground feeders and use their long, slender, decurved bills to probe for large insects, worms, and lizards. Less frequently, the hoopoe feeds while airborne, exhibiting its characteristic undulating erratic flight. Hoopoes are excellent runners. Found throughout the Old World, hoopoes frequent warm, dry areas, which are at least partially open. The northernmost members of the species, which reach the English Channel and the Baltic Sea, are migratory in winter. The nest is built in a tree cavity or a rock crevice, sometimes lined with debris, or sometimes bare. The female lays and incubates from four to six pale blue to olive colored eggs per clutch and is fed during incubation by her mate. Both sexes care for the naked, helpless young. In addition to its beautiful plumage, the hoopoe is also noted for its filthy, malodorous nest. The bad odor comes from a combination of putrefying excrement, which the bird does not trouble to remove, and from defensive musty-smelling secretions released from the preen gland of the female when she is disturbed. Woodhoopoes belong to the same family as the hoopoe. They are uncrested and are more gregarious than the hoopoe. Found only in the forests of Africa, woodhoopoes are metallic greens, blues, and purples in color, and travel in small, noisy groups. They share the same foul nesting habits as the hoopoes. Hoopoes and woodhoopoes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Bucerotiformes (or, according to some authorties, Coraciiformes), families Upupidae and Phoeniculidae, respectively.

hoopoe

filthy bird; lines nest with dung. [Medieval Animal Symbolism: White, 150]

hoopoe

an Old World bird, Upupa epops, having a pinkish-brown plumage with black-and-white wings and an erectile crest: family Upupidae, order Coraciiformes (kingfishers, etc.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Shaykh San'an's story occurs at an important moment when the birds are uncertain about the right course of the journey towards Simurgh and the hoopoe presents the story using examples in order to teach the birds about spirituality.
The hoopoe is one of those birds that carry a mystical quality.
The wisest among them is the hoopoe, who suggests that they should go in search of the Simorgh, a legendary creature akin to the phoenix.
Twitchers among the workers of the main companies on the site flocked to catch a glimpse of the Hoopoe, pictured.
Ducks wearing red masks were everywhere, together with water hens, but my favourites were the hoopoe with their thin, tapering bills and distinctive crown of feathers.
A striking hoopoe is one of the species adorning the cover of the birds' foldout, resting on a Pharaonic depiction of the hoopoe, as familiar in ancient Egypt as it is today.
Keen birdspotters flock there for sightings of hoopoe, red-breasted flycatcher, ortolan, lit-tle and pine buntings.
Far-footed geeko, Oman saw-scald viper, blandford's foxes, little green bee-eaters, spiny-foot lizard, hoopoe, emperor dragonfly, amphibians, ospreys, crab plover, toads, blue-headed agama, lesser sand plovers, desert monitor lizard, and many others have survived as the Environment and Protected Areas Authority set up the Sharjah Desert Park in 1995.
Hopefully there will be more to follow: birds like the Hoopoe being a typical early scarce migrant, often on areas of short grass - golfers, keep a look out
66 (Petronia xanthocollis) 19 Common Hoopoe R 1 (Upupa epops) 20 Common Iora R 2.
Food provision to nestlings in the Hoopoe Upupa epops: implications for the conservation of a small endangered population in the Swiss Alps.