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city (1990 pop. 9,643), seat of Hempstead co., SW Ark. Hope is a commercial center and a distribution point for an agricultural region. Its industries include food processing, printing, and the making of machinery and apparel. The city was the boyhood home of President Bill Clinton.


See also Optimism.
Hopelessness (See DESPAIR.)
emblem of optimism; steadfastly secured the soul in adversity. [N.T.: Hebrews, 6:18–19]
traditional representation of hope. [Flower Symbol-ism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
Emigrants, The
shows Norwegians in Dakota wheatlands striving for better life. [Nor. Lit.: The Emigrants, Magill I, 244–246]
flowering almond
symbol of spring; blooms in winter. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 71]
Great Pumpkin, the
awaited each Halloween by Linus. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Home, 542]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
Iceman Cometh, The
“The lie of the pipe dream is what gives life.” [Am. Lit.: The Iceman Cometh]
Of Mice and Men
portrays a philosophy that humans are made of hopes and dreams. [Am. Lit.: Of Mice and Men]
God’s assurance He would not send another great flood. [O.T.: Genesis, 9:12–16]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177; Kunz, 326]


1. Anthony, real name Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins. 1863--1933, English novelist; author of The Prisoner of Zenda (1894)
2. Bob, real name Leslie Townes Hope. 1903--2003, US comedian and comic actor, born in England. His films include The Cat and the Canary (1939), Road to Morocco (1942), and The Paleface (1947). He was awarded an honorary knighthood in 1998
3. David (Michael). born 1940, British churchman, Archbishop of York from 1995


A functional programming language designed by R.M. Burstall, D.B. MacQueen and D.T. Sanella at University of Edinburgh in 1978. It is a large language supporting user-defined prefix, infix or distfix operators. Hope has polymorphic typing and allows overloading of operators which requires explicit type declarations. Hope has lazy lists and was the first language to use call-by-pattern.

It has been ported to Unix, Macintosh, and IBM PC.

See also Hope+, Hope+C, Massey Hope, Concurrent Massey Hope.


[R.M.Burstall, D.B.MacQueen, D.T.Sanella, "HOPE: An experimental applicative language", Proc. 1980 Lisp conf., Stanford, CA, p.136-143, Aug 1980].

["A HOPE Tutorial", R. Bailey, BYTE Aug 1985, pp.235-258].

["Functional Programming with Hope", R. Bailey, Ellis Horwood 1990].
References in periodicals archive ?
Curative factors are important because they help young people move into the realm of happiness, hopefulness, self-belief, and pride.
From Britain, the very contemporary films of Mike Leigh often highlight the dreary, downbeat lives of working-class people with a biting humor and chagrined hopefulness.
Its spontaneity and hopefulness were for me, a breath of fresh air.
The current economic hopefulness is but another sign that it is time for businesses to make their moves.
In addition to a stimulating program of speakers and workshops, there was a real sense of community, power and hopefulness as women appreciated how far the cause of birth and midwifery had come in ten years and how rapidly change was accelerating.
The first edition of the magazine features the non-fiction of Twitter star Kelly Oxford as she relives a painful family memory, and Aiofe Dunphy's pensive fiction about an older painter struggling through feelings of loss and the possibility of hopefulness.
It wasn't until he yielded to the loving pursuit of God for his heart that peace and hopefulness returned to him again.
47 billion share in China Construction Bank, the newest foreign institution to discrad its investment in a Chinese lender after early hopefulness about the potentially lucrative market wore off.
Instead, the effect gives the song a ring of hopefulness.
Although it has as yet been impossible to reach an agreement for Israeli-Palestinian peace, Senator Mitchell expressed hopefulness that this will eventually happen, because it is in the interest of both sides.
He suggests that spiritual care can be rethought in terms of presence and identifies a critical point in the development of hope, the point where a person may either slip into despair or find their hope transformed into hopefulness, and describes four "moments" in his theory of the chaplain as a "hopeful presence": as an evocative presence, which includes accepting transference, and an accompanying, comforting, and hopeful presence.
Eroica Camerta St Nicolas Church, Kings Norton The bright-eyed, bushy-tailed hopefulness with which amateur orchestras spring up is touching, but not all of them survive beyond the fledgling stage.