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city (1990 pop. 9,643), seat of Hempstead co., SW Ark. Hope is a commercial center and a distribution point for an agricultural region. Its industries include food processing, printing, and the making of machinery and apparel. The city was the boyhood home of President Bill Clinton.


See also Optimism.
Hopelessness (See DESPAIR.)
emblem of optimism; steadfastly secured the soul in adversity. [N.T.: Hebrews, 6:18–19]
traditional representation of hope. [Flower Symbol-ism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
Emigrants, The
shows Norwegians in Dakota wheatlands striving for better life. [Nor. Lit.: The Emigrants, Magill I, 244–246]
flowering almond
symbol of spring; blooms in winter. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 71]
Great Pumpkin, the
awaited each Halloween by Linus. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Home, 542]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
Iceman Cometh, The
“The lie of the pipe dream is what gives life.” [Am. Lit.: The Iceman Cometh]
Of Mice and Men
portrays a philosophy that humans are made of hopes and dreams. [Am. Lit.: Of Mice and Men]
God’s assurance He would not send another great flood. [O.T.: Genesis, 9:12–16]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177; Kunz, 326]


1. Anthony, real name Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins. 1863--1933, English novelist; author of The Prisoner of Zenda (1894)
2. Bob, real name Leslie Townes Hope. 1903--2003, US comedian and comic actor, born in England. His films include The Cat and the Canary (1939), Road to Morocco (1942), and The Paleface (1947). He was awarded an honorary knighthood in 1998
3. David (Michael). born 1940, British churchman, Archbishop of York from 1995


A functional programming language designed by R.M. Burstall, D.B. MacQueen and D.T. Sanella at University of Edinburgh in 1978. It is a large language supporting user-defined prefix, infix or distfix operators. Hope has polymorphic typing and allows overloading of operators which requires explicit type declarations. Hope has lazy lists and was the first language to use call-by-pattern.

It has been ported to Unix, Macintosh, and IBM PC.

See also Hope+, Hope+C, Massey Hope, Concurrent Massey Hope.


[R.M.Burstall, D.B.MacQueen, D.T.Sanella, "HOPE: An experimental applicative language", Proc. 1980 Lisp conf., Stanford, CA, p.136-143, Aug 1980].

["A HOPE Tutorial", R. Bailey, BYTE Aug 1985, pp.235-258].

["Functional Programming with Hope", R. Bailey, Ellis Horwood 1990].
References in periodicals archive ?
Our people are committed to research and development to meet unmet medical needs globally and to bring hope through healthcare solutions.
Bonnie Schuman, a spokeswoman for the Wellness Community, said most women diagnosed with breast cancer feel isolated and afraid, and the Wall of Hope ``gives them the sense that they're not alone, that many, many, many women have gotten through it.
I personally acted to secure state funding for Hope In Youth," Wilson wrote.
In a time of exile, Isaiah is offering hope to God's people.
net/hope,send their stories of hope as written entries by email to hope@mbc.
Empirical evidence is mounting on the positive role of hope in predicting psychological and physical well-being as well as athletic and academic success.
In spite of all the reasons for despair, we dare to continue to hope for the arrival of the future Jesus promised.
Probably full of fun is the way I would most describe him,'' Linda Hope said at a news conference at the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences in North Hollywood.
Portraits of Hope is an innovative education and arts youth program that conceives and implements collaborative, one-of-a-kind, art projects that transform public environments.
As they fought the disease with surgery and follow-up care, the two women knew they were in a position to help further the cause of organizations committed to a cure and the Sutter Home for Hope program was born.
It give you a feeling like the cause wasn't lost, fightin' for somethin' and along comes a man who lifted your hopes and give (you) the strength to do what you had to do.