horizontal transmission


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horizontal transmission

[‚här·ə¦zänt·əl tranz′mish·ən]
(genetics)
Passage of genetic information by invasive processes between individual organisms or cells of different species.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nevertheless it is quite higher than expected due to high rate of dental and other surgical procedures in soldiers as well as their living together in barracks predisposing horizontal transmission of HBV among them.
In the present study the higher prevalence in older animals would suggest that horizontal transmission was likely contributing to the prevalence of infected animals, and since dogs lived on every farm sampled, it is possible they may be serving as a continuous source of oocyst exposure.
25 GHz is incident, due to the geometrical symmetry of the horizontal transmission line, an open circuit appears at the midpoint of this line when the switch is off.
The gender wise uniform rates of infections in goats warrant the horizontal transmission of the disease in different caprine breeds because the parasitic infections have no boundaries.
This is very important to prevent the risk of horizontal transmission among patients and eye care providers.
Gray Davis L , Weber DJ, Lemon SM: Horizontal transmission of hepatitis B virus.
Use of anthelmintics before the start of summer and mixed coccidiostats in the feed for endoparasitic control to prevent the horizontal transmission of infection (if any).
HIV can be passed from one person to another through perinatal transmission (mother to baby, also called vertical transmission) or horizontal transmission (through unprotected sex, blood transfusions or sharing needles with someone who is HIV positive).
According to Dr Libertina Amathila, patron of the project, the first confirmed case of rabies in a kudu was reported in 1977 and lasted for a decade during which a large number of kudus were affected through horizontal transmission of rabies.
There are no data to suggest that pregnant women have above-average involvement in discordant relationships or that pregnant women contribute disproportionately to the horizontal transmission of HIV
The infection is mostly contracted during childhood, adolescence or young adulthood, with horizontal transmission being the most common one.
Differences in the horizontal transmission of the challenge Salmonella to nonchallenged hens housed in cages (12%), on slats (15%), and on shavings (14%) were not significantly different (P > .
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