horizontal transmission


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horizontal transmission

[‚här·ə¦zänt·əl tranz′mish·ən]
(genetics)
Passage of genetic information by invasive processes between individual organisms or cells of different species.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because seroconversion was confirmed in only 2 animals, horizontal transmission within the group of 194 cats is unlikely.
Horizontal transmission of hepatitis B virus in children with chronic hepatitis B.
Our results demonstrated that tigers kept in captivity are at risk for infection with and dying of the H5N1 virus; moreover, they could be infected by horizontal transmission since raw chicken carcasses represent the main food item for them.
This finding confirms that current decontamination and disinfection practices are suboptimal, placing patients at potential risk of acquiring HAIs through horizontal transmission of micro-organisms.
Epidemiological and molecular evidence of two events of father-to-child HIV type 1 horizontal transmission.
None of the naive adults involved in the horizontal transmission experiment acquired infection directly from its mate, despite that all inoculated animals remained bacteremic throughout the experiment.
Vertical transmission from the mother and horizontal transmission from siblings and other adults may occur.
First, bacteria maintained through a phase of horizontal transmission (e.
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