hornbill


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Related to hornbill: Great Hornbill

hornbill,

common name for members of the family Bucerotidae, Old World birds of tropical and subtropical forests, named for their enormous down-curved bills surmounted by grotesque horny casques. From 2 to 5 ft (61–152.5 cm) in length, they are the largest of an order that also includes the hoopoehoopoe
, common name for a shy, solitary, Old World woodland bird, Upupa epops. Its body color ranges from cinnamon to chestnut, with white-barred, black wings and tail, and a head topped by a prominent, erectile crest. Hoopoes measure from 10 1-2 to 12 in.
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. Hornbills are black and dark brown with patches of white or cream on the body, wings, and tail. The bill is usually brownish, though in some species it is black, red, or yellow.

Omnivorous, hornbills eat fruits, berries, insects, and small animals. They have loud, far-carrying voices and a variety of calls, including brays, toots, bellows, and cackles. They are noted for their unusual nesting habits; presumably as a defense against monkeys and snakes, the female is sealed into the nesting cavity by the male, who feeds her through a bill-sized aperture for a period of from 6 weeks to 3 months while she incubates the eggs. This practice, and the fact that hornbills mate for life, has made them the subject of superstition among native tribes, who use them (or representations of them) in religious rituals as symbols of purity and fidelity.

The great hornbill, Buceros bicornis, ranges from India to Indochina and Sumatra. The helmeted hornbill, Rhinoplax vigil, found on the Malay Peninsula and the islands Sumatra and Borneo, has a casque that has been used an alternative for ivory, and illegal hunting for its casque and habitat loss have endangered the species.

Hornbills are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Bucerotiformes (or, according to some authorities, Coraciiformes), families Bucerotidae and Bucorvidae.

hornbill

any bird of the family Bucerotidae of tropical Africa and Asia, having a very large bill with a basal bony protuberance: order Coraciiformes (kingfishers, etc.)
References in periodicals archive ?
A 22-year-old, male trumpeter hornbill (Bycanistes buccinator) (case 1) was presented to the California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory at the University of California, Tulare, for necropsy due to sudden death.
A journey to the fringes of the Cameron Highlands, which included the rainforest adventure, is a step into the unknown: a land of screeching hornbills, Malaysia's last remaining tigers, wild elephants and leeches, loads of leeches.
The annual festival is celebrated to pay tribute to the hornbill, the most revered bird of the Nagas.
Sarawak is a location of outstanding natural beauty, a place where you can visit rainforests, encounter orang-utan and hornbills.
Nature lovers say that the habitats of some 400 species of animals, including the rare plain-pouched hornbills, could be in danger if plans for the state government's agro-tourism project near Pedu Dam remain unchanged.
The objective of the Hornbill Festival is to bring Nagas together in festive participation to show their unity in cultural diversity as well as to promote cultural tourism in the state.
Lane and Sambella provide much of the comedy - Hakuna Matata and all that - aided and abetted by Rowan Atkinson as the officious hornbill Zazu, and Whoopi Goldberg, Cheech Marin and Jim Cummings as a trio of deranged hyenas.
In a star-studded evening that combined elements of glamour with goodwill, the final auction of the 2010 "Bijoux" Eco Art Parade -- a stunning collection of 35 pieces of jewellery inspired by the Saker Falcon of the UAE and the Calao Hornbill of Asia -- succeeded in raising nearly two million dirhams for eco conservation and humanitarian causes.
Hornbill Service Management has announced that See Tickets, one of the largest ticket companies in the UK and part of the largest independent ticketing organisation in Europe, has selected Supportworks ITSM Enterprise service management software to support over 400 internal IT users and external partners, replacing its existing Marval service desk software.
Speciation within the geographically complex southeastern Asian land mass and myriad islands has created a hot-spot of hornbill diversity centered on the Malaysian Peninsula and the islands of Sumatra, Borneo, and Java, all once connected.
But while they're getting all lovey-dovey, Cruella the hornbill is nursing a broken heart.
Not the shrill caw/of a Green Hornbill complaining,/that awakens/me at 3 am.