horsefly

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horsefly,

common name for the large hairy fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the family Tabanidae. Male horseflies feed on pollen and nectar, but the females suck blood as well and are common pests of animals and sometimes of humans. The bites of many species are very painful. The larger horseflies, e.g., the mourning horsefly and the 1-in. (2.5-cm) black horsefly, belong to the genus Tabanus; the smaller and more common banded horseflies, with black, brown, or yellow bodies and brilliantly colored eyes, are members of the genus Chrysops. The deerflies, which carry the diseases anthraxanthrax
, acute infectious disease of animals that can be secondarily transmitted to humans. It is caused by a bacterium (Bacillus anthracis) that primarily affects sheep, horses, hogs, cattle, and goats and is almost always fatal in animals.
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 and tularemiatularemia
or rabbit fever,
acute, infectious disease caused by Francisella tularensis (Pasteurella tularensis). The greatest incidence is among people who handle infected wild rabbits.
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, and in Africa, a filarial worm infestation, belong to this group. Horseflies are most abundant in hot weather. The eggs are laid on plants or stones close to water. The somewhat flattened 1-2-in. (1.3-cm) larvae have fleshy protuberances on each body segment, aiding in locomotion; they live in water or in moist earth and feed on snails and on other insect larvae. Horseflies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, family Tabanidae. See insectinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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horsefly

any large stout-bodied dipterous fly of the family Tabanidae, the females of which suck the blood of mammals, esp horses, cattle, and man
References in periodicals archive ?
As a group, the flies that trouble people and deer range in size from the minute sand fly (aka "no-see-urn," "granny nipper" or "punkie"), to the formidable horse fly.
A Cabot B Cook C Columbus D Drake A 100 feet per second B 100 miles per hour C 100 yards per minute D 100 kilometres per hour A Crane fly B Horse fly C Lacewing D Warble fly QUESTION 8 - for 8 points: Who was the Republican nominee for the US presidency in the election of 2008?
Horse fly named after Beyonce (Scaptia Beyonceae, for the golden hair on its abdomen)
Midge bites cause large, irritating swellings which often disappear in a few hours after great discomfort for a while, but the inflammation resulting from the poison of mosquito or horse fly bites will last for weeks and can cause complete immobilisation.
In January, an Australian horse fly described by its discoverer as "bootylicious" was named for singer Beyonce but those are just individual species.