horse latitudes(redirected from horse latitude)
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horse latitudes,two belts of latitude where winds are light and the weather is hot and dry. They are located mostly over the oceans, at about 30° lat. in each hemisphere, and have a north-south range of about 5° as they follow the seasonal migration of the sun. The horse latitudes are associated with the subtropical anticycloneanticyclone,
region of high atmospheric pressure; anticyclones are commonly referred to as "highs." The pressure gradient, or change between the core of the anticyclone and its surroundings, combined with the Coriolis effect, causes air to circulate about the core in a clockwise
..... Click the link for more information. and the large-scale descent of air from high-altitude currents moving toward the poles. After reaching the earth's surface, this air spreads toward the equator as part of the prevailing trade winds or toward the poles as part of the westerlies. The belt in the Northern Hemisphere is sometimes called the "calms of Cancer" and that in the Southern Hemisphere the "calms of Capricorn." The term horse latitudes supposedly originates from the days when Spanish sailing vessels transported horses to the West Indies. Ships would often become becalmed in mid-ocean in this latitude, thus severely prolonging the voyage; the resulting water shortages would make it necessary for crews to throw their horses overboard.
regions of the southern and northern hemispheres of the earth (between 30° and 35° N lat. and 30° and 35° S lat.). in the interior parts of the subtropical oceanic anticyclone belts, with light winds and frequent calms. The name “horse latitudes” goes back to the days of sailing ships, when the calms in the Atlantic Ocean forced the ships to stop for long periods of time, during which the lack of fresh water made it necessary to throw overboard the horses being transported from Europe to America.