human papillomavirus

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human papillomavirus

(HPV), any of a family of more than 60 viruses that cause various growths, including plantar wartswart,
circumscribed outgrowth of the skin caused by a filterable virus that is readily transmitted. Warts may appear anywhere on the skin but are most common on the hands.
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 and genital warts, a sexually transmitted diseasesexually transmitted disease
(STD) or venereal disease,
term for infections acquired mainly through sexual contact. Five diseases were traditionally known as venereal diseases: gonorrhea, syphilis, and the less common granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, and
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. Detectable warts can be or removed, usually by chemicals, freezing, or laser, but often recur. Intralesional alpha interferon has been effective in the treatment of genital warts. Genital warts, sometimes called condylomata acuminata, are soft and often occur in clusters. They can occur internally or externally, but even in the absence of warts the virus may be present and transmittable. Problems can result from untreated warts, which can grow quite large, or, in rare cases, from infection of an infant during delivery. In addition, certain strains of HPV are associated with cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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 of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, and anus, and HPV 16 has been shown to be associated with some forms of Kaposi's sarcoma (see AIDSAIDS
or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,
fatal disease caused by a rapidly mutating retrovirus that attacks the immune system and leaves the victim vulnerable to infections, malignancies, and neurological disorders. It was first recognized as a disease in 1981.
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) and throat cancer. A vaccine approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2006 can protect a woman against those strains that cause most cases of cervical cancer and genital warts, and a study has shown it may also protect against related throat cancers; HPV vaccination is now recommended for both girls and boys beginning at 11 to 12 years of age.

human papillomavirus

[¦yü·mən ‚pap·ə′lō·mə ‚vī·rəs]
(medicine)
One of a family of more than 100 different viruses, most commonly spread via sexual contact, that cause warts on the hands and feet and in the genital area; several types are associated with premalignant and malignant changes in the cervix. Abbreviated HPV.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Merck vaccine is directed against human papilloma virus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16, and 18.
checks for the presence of the human papilloma virus, which causes cervical cancer, the officials said.
Its flagship drug, Product R, is a non-toxic peptide nucleic acid immunomodulator, with direct anti-viral effects against select viruses such as adenovirus and human papilloma virus, that has been shown to have beneficial therapeutic effects against viral diseases such as AIDS and autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis.
The most common sexually transmitted disease among teenage girl is human papilloma virus (HPV), says Barbara Moscicki, M.
The contract deals with CBYG's proven test kit products that identifies sexually transmitted diseases including the Human Papilloma Virus ( HPV ) at an early stage.
Contract notice: Acquisition of 28 500 doses of vaccine against human papilloma virus (hpv).
A GETTING vaccinated against the Human Papilloma Virus can protect women against cervical cancer.
Over the past decade an association between the human papilloma virus with squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil and tongue has been observed.
HUMAN papilloma virus causes warts and can survive undetected on skin for years before one appears.
The programme against the human papilloma virus will be rolled out to 12 and 13-year-old girls at secondary schools in the borough.
Prevention is always better than cure and this vaccine will prevent many women from catching the human papilloma virus in the first place, potentially saving hundreds of lives a year in the UK.
The human papilloma virus vaccine not only protects against the majority of the strains of virus that cause cervical cancer, but also offers protection against abnormalities that can lead to vaginal, vulvar and anal cancers, according to a recent study.

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