human papillomavirus


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to human papillomavirus: Human papillomavirus vaccine

human papillomavirus

(HPV), any of a family of more than 60 viruses that cause various growths, including plantar wartswart,
circumscribed outgrowth of the skin caused by a filterable virus that is readily transmitted. Warts may appear anywhere on the skin but are most common on the hands.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and genital warts, a sexually transmitted diseasesexually transmitted disease
(STD) or venereal disease,
term for infections acquired mainly through sexual contact. Five diseases were traditionally known as venereal diseases: gonorrhea, syphilis, and the less common granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, and
..... Click the link for more information.
. Detectable warts can be or removed, usually by chemicals, freezing, or laser, but often recur. Intralesional alpha interferon has been effective in the treatment of genital warts. Genital warts, sometimes called condylomata acuminata, are soft and often occur in clusters. They can occur internally or externally, but even in the absence of warts the virus may be present and transmittable. Problems can result from untreated warts, which can grow quite large, or, in rare cases, from infection of an infant during delivery. In addition, certain strains of HPV are associated with cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, and anus, and HPV 16 has been shown to be associated with some forms of Kaposi's sarcoma (see AIDSAIDS
or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,
fatal disease caused by a rapidly mutating retrovirus that attacks the immune system and leaves the victim vulnerable to infections, malignancies, and neurological disorders. It was first recognized as a disease in 1981.
..... Click the link for more information.
) and throat cancer. A vaccine approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2006 can protect a woman against those strains that cause most cases of cervical cancer and genital warts, and a study has shown it may also protect against related throat cancers; HPV vaccination is now recommended for both girls and boys beginning at 11 to 12 years of age.

human papillomavirus

[¦yü·mən ‚pap·ə′lō·mə ‚vī·rəs]
(medicine)
One of a family of more than 100 different viruses, most commonly spread via sexual contact, that cause warts on the hands and feet and in the genital area; several types are associated with premalignant and malignant changes in the cervix. Abbreviated HPV.
References in periodicals archive ?
Favourable government initiatives as such are expected to drive the demand for Human Papillomavirus testing market in the years to come.
The role of human papillomavirus infection in head and neck cancers in 2010.
The report reviews key players involved Human papillomavirus (HPV) Associated Cancer therapeutics and enlists all their major and minor projects
Concordance of specific human papillomavirus types in sex partners is more prevalent than would be expected by chance and is associated with increased viral loads.
Efficacy of human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS04adjuvanted vaccine against cervical infection and precancer caused by oncogenic HPV types (PATRICIA): final analysis of a double-blind, randomized study in young women.
A longitudinal study of genital human papillomavirus infection in a cohort of closely followed adolescent women.
Cervical cancer is caused by a very common virus called human papillomavirus (HPV).
Age-specific human papillomavirus antibody and deoxyribonucleic acid prevalence: A global review.
A review of the Human Papillomavirus Infections products under development by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources.
Against which human papillomavirus types shall we vaccinate and screen?

Full browser ?