The characteristics of this work accustom the body to certain use of the skeleton and muscles, and to the habitual use of specific postures, actions and movements: in the humeri
for arm abduction movements; in the metacarpals for the constant effort of holding a tool; and in the femora for the activity of the iliopsoas muscle in the repeated and constant bending of the torso (Figure 9).
cylindricum using the characters of the atlas, humeri
, sacral vertebra, ilium, the number of peripheral figures, and central to total diameter ratio as criteria.
24 (female); anterior pronotal margin posteriorly concave when viewed dorsally, area behind vertex strongly raised, bituberculate, bearing a pair (1 + 1) of closely appressed tumescences to either side of longitudinal midline, the tops of these tumescences bearing small, deep, circular pits; anterolateral angles of prothorax produced, curving forward, coming to acute points hidden beneath posterior margins of eyes, posterior margin of anterior lobe with a pair (1 + 1) of prominent, rounded tubercles on either side of slightly raised longitudinal midline, posterior lobe with humeri
raised, space between them bearing a pair (1 + 1) of widely separated, strongly raised, transversely ovate tumescences, the tops of these tumescences bearing deep, transverse pits.
were collected from cadavers of red-tailed hawks euthanatized for clinical or humane reasons at The Raptor Center.
Because the shapes of its adult limbs seemed the most finlike, scientists previously had concluded that Acanthostega was "more primitive, but now, if we look at the details of the humeri
, Ichthyostega's are actually more similar to earlier fishes," Callier divulges.
Within the arm, there are significantly more humeri
, and within the leg, significantly more femora (Table 5).
Topics on new approaches to aging and sexing include using osteohistology, examining mandibular dentition, a simple table test for sexing Candi Humeri
, and sexing fragmentary ungulate acetabulae.
His group II bones included the pelvis, humeri
, radii, femora, tibiae, metapodials, and sometimes scapulae, mandible, ulnae, and phalanges, which moved slowly by traction.
2]-microglobulin, a skeletal survey with plain films (skull, ribs, humeri
, and femurs), abdominal ultrasonography, bone marrow aspiration, and biopsy.
All patients had severe non-union fractures of a long bone (3 tibia, 2 humeri
, 1 clavicle), which had failed to heal in previous standard of care treatments.
Additional material includes: numerous cervical, thorasic, lumbar, and caudal vertebrae, numerous ribs, two scapulae, four humeri
, two radio-ulnae, one femur, one tibia, and numerous podials.
To address this concern, we obtained humeri
from 13 known-age Kemp's ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) and two loggerhead (Caretta caretta) sea turtles for the purposes of examining the growth marks and comparing growth mark counts to actual age.