humus


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humus

(hyo͞o`məs), organic matter that has decayed to a relatively stable, amorphous state. It is an important biological constituent of fertile soilsoil,
surface layer of the earth, composed of fine rock material disintegrated by geological processes; and humus, the organic remains of decomposed vegetation. In agriculture, soil is the medium that supports crop plants, both physically and biologically.
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. Humus is formed by the decomposing action of soil microorganisms (e.g., bacteria and fungi), which break down animal and vegetable material into elements that can be used by growing plants. Technically, humus, as the end result of this process, is less valuable for plant growth than are the products formed during active decomposition (see fertilizerfertilizer,
organic or inorganic material containing one or more of the nutrients—mainly nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, and other essential elements required for plant growth.
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). Because of its low specific weight and high surface area, humus has a profound effect upon the physical properties of mineral soils with regard to improved soil structure, water intake and reservoir capacity, ability to resist erosion, and the ability to hold chemical elements in a form readily accessible to plants.

Humus

 

an organic, normally dark-colored part of the soil formed as a result of biochemical transformation of plant and animal residues. Humus consists of humic acids (most important for soil fertility) and fulvic acids (crenic acids). Humus contains the main elements of plant nutrition that become available to plants as a result of microbial activity.

humus

[′hyü·məs]
(geology)
The amorphous, ordinarily dark-colored, colloidal matter in soil; a complex of the fractions of organic matter of plant, animal, and microbial origin that are most resistant to decomposition.

humus

A brown or black material formed by the partial decomposition of vegetable or animal matter; the organic portion of soil.

humus

a dark brown or black colloidal mass of partially decomposed organic matter in the soil. It improves the fertility and water retention of the soil and is therefore important for plant growth
References in periodicals archive ?
The mulch layer here is deeper, I notice, a reflection of how long it takes to make the transition from litter to humus.
Se hicieron analisis al biosolido sin ningun tipo de tratamiento (sustrato inicial), al humus resultante (vermicompostaje) y a una muestra de control.
Humus is a quick and easy snack thats packed with protein and can balance blood sugar levels and fight food cravings, both of which could lead to less snacking in between meals.
A second objective was to compare the results of the REPRO humus balances with the changes in SOC contents measured in the soil of the experimental field.
El humus fue obtenido mediante la crianza de lombrices en recipientes disenados para la recoleccion y reciclaje del efluente, meses previos al comienzo del ensayo.
BT--textured, 40-66/26 cm; colour is red-brownish, yellowish; the structure is large nuciform and large prismatic, structural inclusions are covered with clear films; of high density, sticky, clayey, heavily wetting, contains humus tongues, ferrum-manganese concretions, rare roots, the transition to the next horizon is gradual and level.
Humus accumulates great amount of nutrients which in the course of mineralization with the help of microorganisms pass into soil solution where they are absorbed by plant roots.
In order to determine the dependence for all zonal soil types of the East European Plain of empirically determined humus horizon limit values from climatic potential, we summarized the data of numerous soil surveys.
Al final del experimento el humus formado fue homogenizado, secado, tamizado y enviado al laboratorio para su analisis de caracterizacion.
De acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos, el medio Algal fue superior comparado con Humus en variables como contenido de proteinas, produccion de algunos acidos grasos polinsaturados de importancia nutricional y los pigmentos analizados, mientras que el medio Humus, solo permitio la mayor produccion de lipidos totales.
Para o comprimento da parte aerea, em funcao das fontes organicas, verifica-se que os substratos fertilizados com esterco ovino e humus de minhoca apresentaram os maiores valores de crescimento, sao estatisticamente semelhantes entre si, mas superam o esterco bovino aos 120 e 150 DAS.