hunger strike


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hunger strike,

refusal to eat as a protest against existing conditions. Although most often used by prisoners, others have also employed it. For example, Mohandas GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 in India and Cesar ChavezChavez, Cesar Estrada
, 1927–93, American agrarian labor leader, b. near Yuma, Ariz. A migrant worker, he became involved (1952) in the self-help Community Service Organization (CSO) in California, working among Mexicans and Mexican Americans; from 1958 to 1962 he was its
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 in California fasted as religious penance during otherwise political or economic disputes. An ancient device, the hunger strike was revived in England in the early 20th cent. by militant woman suffragists and became the accepted technique of those sentenced for suffragist activities. The passage of the so-called Cat-and-Mouse Act in 1913, by which the prisoners in ill health due to fasting could be temporarily discharged, ended the forced feeding to which the authorities had resorted. The Franchise Act of 1918 ended the suffragist hunger strikes in England. The hunger strike was used by Irish nationalists in 1912 and again later on. Hunger strikes were used by members of Sinn FéinSinn Féin
[Irish,=we, ourselves], Irish nationalist movement. It had its roots in the Irish cultural revival at the end of the 19th cent. and the growing nationalist disenchantment with the constitutional Home Rule movement.
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 in 1920, and Terence MacSwiney, lord mayor of Cork, died in a London prison after a fast of 74 days. Thereafter, hunger striking was forbidden by the Sinn Féin. It was used again in the 1970s and 1980s by imprisoned members of the Irish Republican ArmyIrish Republican Army
(IRA), nationalist organization devoted to the integration of Ireland as a complete and independent unit. Organized by Michael Collins from remnants of rebel units dispersed after the Easter Rebellion in 1916 (see Ireland), it was composed of the more
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. Hunger striking was used between 1917 and 1919 by American woman suffragists and also by conscientious objectors imprisoned in the United States. During the Vietnam War, the Roman Catholic priests Daniel and Philip BerriganBerrigan brothers
, American Catholic priests, writers, and social activists. Daniel Berrigan, 1921–2016, b. Syracuse, N.Y., was ordained in the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1952.
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 used the hunger strike in 1969 at Danbury Prison, Conn., where they had been imprisoned for destroying draft records. In 1970 inmates in California's Soledad Prison used it on a massive scale to protest prison conditions. and in 2000–2001 several hundred leftist inmates in Turkish prisons and others in Turkey used "death fasts" to protest prison conditions. Alleged TalibanTaliban
or Taleban
, Islamic fundamentalist militia of Afghanistan and later Pakistan, originally consisting mainly of Sunni Pashtun religious students from Afghanistan who were educated and trained in Pakistan.
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 and Al QaedaAl Qaeda
or Al Qaida
[Arab.,=the base], Sunni Islamic terrorist organization with the stated goals of uniting all Muslims and establishing a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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 members held at Guantánamo Bay by the United States since 2002 have also used hunger strikes to protest their imprisonment there.
References in periodicals archive ?
This came after Home Minister Rajnath Singh on Sunday urged the GJM and other stakeholders to call off their hunger strike and to withdraw the bandh, allowing normalcy to return in Darjeeling to create an atmosphere for finding a solution to the ongoing crisis.
Palestinian Prisoners Club chief Qaddura Fares said an agreement had been reached between the strikers and Israeli authorities on improving their conditions, while an Israel Prisons Service spokeswoman confirmed the hunger strike was over.
The first hunger strike lasted for 53 days, and the Republican prisoners warned in a statement in February 1981 there would be further hunger strikes if they were not granted 'special category status' as political prisoners, rather than mere criminals.
Thursday on the Children and Youth Center's premises, where a tent was set up to host those on hunger strike.
He reiterated that prisoners in Israeli jails have gone on this hunger strike, demanding that Israel respects their basic rights and held the Israeli government fully responsible for the consequences of this crisis.
Hundreds of people within and outside prisons in several countries have launched 5-day rotational hunger strikes in solidarity with the prisoners.
Basma Refaat has begun the 20th day of her hunger strike in reaction to the prison administration's sudden ban of her right to receive family visits.
Human rights organizations have already been informed about the hunger strike of these prisoners against the violation of the jail manual.
The following two chapters discuss the beginning and collapse of the first hunger strike in 1980, while the remaining eight chapters examine the more significant second hunger strike in 1981.
The] BJMP's legal gobbledygook and malapropisms of international law are pretentious cover to deny or restrict entry and access of legitimate doctors, counsel on record and regular visitors to political prisoners on hunger strike.
Asylum seekers in the Australian-run detention centre in Manus Island in Papua New Guinea are on hunger strike in protest of their poor conditions.
The family of Amir Hekmati says he has suspended his hunger strike at Evin Prison after the authorities there agreed to re-examine his case.