Hussars

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Hussars

 

an arm of the cavalry. The name “hussar” first appeared in Hungary in 1458 as the name of special cavalry detachments of the court militia. In the 16th century it was borrowed by the Poles as the name for special units of heavy cavalry of the nobility. Regular hussar regiments were formed in France, Austria, and Prussia in the late 17th and early 18th centuries; they were used as light cavalry for activity in the rear and on the flanks of the enemy and for carrying on reconnaissance and pursuit. They maintained their importance until the middle of the 19th century, but by the end of the 19th century the difference between individual arms of the cavalry disappeared, and the name “hussar” was kept in certain armies only for the sake of tradition.

In Russia detached hussar units made up of foreigners were activated in the 17th century on the model of the Polish hussars. At the start of the 18th century small irregular hussar detachments (regiments in 1741–59) were formed of Serbs, Moldavians, Wallachians. and other immigrants from neighboring countries. In 1765, after the elimination of the Ukrainian Sloboda Cossack Host, hussar regiments in settlements were formed from former cossacks. In 1783–84 all hussar regiments were renamed light cavalry and changed into regular troops. The name “hussars” was restored in the 1790’s. In 1825 there were 14 hussar regiments (one-third of the entire cavalry). In 1882 all army hussar regiments were renamed dragoons. In 1907 the name “hussar” regiments was restored, and in 1917 there were two guards hussar regiments and 18 army hussar regiments. The hussars had special uniforms, which included the doloman—a jacket with a stand-up collar and shoulder cords; the mentik—a short jacket with a fur border and fur hat with plume or shako; and the chakchiry—breeches embroidered with cord and low boots. Their weapons included sabers, carbines, and pistols.

References in periodicals archive ?
The food itself was enjoyable, as was the beer and the surroundings, and we will return to the Hussar again next time we find ourselves in the proximityof Heaton.
With the window of time closing for Vienna, the walls were about to be breached on September 12 when the vastly outnumbered Christian coalition, led by Polish King Jan III Sobieski and his famous winged hussars, descended Kahlenberg Mountain to engage the Turks in an attempt to lift the siege.
L'Express (Kanters) runs "A Lost Hussar" as a headline, while Arts magazine (Bonnefoy) proclaims "The Generation of the Hussars, Children of the Midcentury.
He is ridden by the trainer's son Joseph and is sure to go close, but Blue Hussar may be the one.
He stuck to his 25-pounder gun as all but 90 men in his 107th Regiment of the South Nottinghamshire Hussars were killed.
As Royal Irish Hussar is now one of the favourites for the Triumph itself after two subsequent wins, that looks top form.
Now he's masterminding a plan to buy the Hussar from the present owners Corus, which co-incidentally owns the Chace Hotel, in Coventry.
Hussar compiled a list of key facts people need to know regarding flu immunizations.
Estonian theater and TV helmer Toomas Hussar mixes thriller and horror elements with Baltic humor in his feature debut, broadly satirizing the mindless behavior of politicians and celebrities.
Henderson is also responsible for the ante-post favourite Irish Hussar, beaten three-parts of a length by Shooting Light at Newbury this month but still not a certain runner.
Father Bruno Hussar, a Dominican priest, founded the peace village in 1972 as a nonviolent alternative to the historic Middle Eastern legacy of hatred and aggression, and NS/WAS villagers have successfully followed key founding principles.
Here we had Massine, Danilova, and Franklin in Massine's Le Beau Danube (Franklin danced the King of the Dandies at some performances, and Massine's own role of the Hussar at others), and also saw the two stars in the Black Swan pas de deux.