Hussars

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Hussars

 

an arm of the cavalry. The name “hussar” first appeared in Hungary in 1458 as the name of special cavalry detachments of the court militia. In the 16th century it was borrowed by the Poles as the name for special units of heavy cavalry of the nobility. Regular hussar regiments were formed in France, Austria, and Prussia in the late 17th and early 18th centuries; they were used as light cavalry for activity in the rear and on the flanks of the enemy and for carrying on reconnaissance and pursuit. They maintained their importance until the middle of the 19th century, but by the end of the 19th century the difference between individual arms of the cavalry disappeared, and the name “hussar” was kept in certain armies only for the sake of tradition.

In Russia detached hussar units made up of foreigners were activated in the 17th century on the model of the Polish hussars. At the start of the 18th century small irregular hussar detachments (regiments in 1741–59) were formed of Serbs, Moldavians, Wallachians. and other immigrants from neighboring countries. In 1765, after the elimination of the Ukrainian Sloboda Cossack Host, hussar regiments in settlements were formed from former cossacks. In 1783–84 all hussar regiments were renamed light cavalry and changed into regular troops. The name “hussars” was restored in the 1790’s. In 1825 there were 14 hussar regiments (one-third of the entire cavalry). In 1882 all army hussar regiments were renamed dragoons. In 1907 the name “hussar” regiments was restored, and in 1917 there were two guards hussar regiments and 18 army hussar regiments. The hussars had special uniforms, which included the doloman—a jacket with a stand-up collar and shoulder cords; the mentik—a short jacket with a fur border and fur hat with plume or shako; and the chakchiry—breeches embroidered with cord and low boots. Their weapons included sabers, carbines, and pistols.

References in classic literature ?
The band began to play the tune with which the White Hussars from the date of their formation have concluded all their functions.
There is but one horse in the White Hussars, and his portrait hangs outside the door of the mess-room.
The next time that they have no engagements on hand the White Hussars intend to go to St.
Instead of echoing Dirkovitch's sigh of regret, it is sad to record that the White Hussars livelily exhibited un-Christian delight and other emotions, hardly restrained by their sense of hospitality.
But that was a matter suddenly and swiftly taken from the loving hands of the White Hussars.
Little Mildred answered nothing, but watched the North Star and hummed a selection from recent Simla burlesque that had much delighted the White Hussars.
Contract notice for Development of design documentation for investment under the name expansion of the street wapiennikowa with the expansion of intersection with the street sciegiennego and hussar and street ks.
The audience, on the other hand, identifies the actor with his/her acting, and cinema with life, thereby recalling sometimes an invented way of life "a la hussar.
Both of O'Brien's runners, the penalised Mekong River and once-raced maiden winner Blue Hussar, are among the outer reaches of the Epsom market at a general 33-1, although those sort of odds did not stop stablemate Orchestra springing to prominence following his Chester Vase win two days ago.
And the Ballydoyle maestro can land another Trial today at Lingfield with the once-raced Blue Hussar.
Ray, of Nottingham, who wrote the book Once A Hussar about his experiences, said: "By some miracle I was the last man virtually and I fired the last round.
The French import was only beaten a neck by Royal Irish Hussar on his British debut at Market Rasen, trying to concede 8lb having won a race before joining Williams.