The clinical pathologic findings of this patient's pericardial fluid were most consistent with a transudative pericardial effusion, or hydropericardium
Birds were vaccinated against Newcastle Disease (ND) plus Infectious Bronchitis viruses at 4 d, Infectious Bursal Disease virus at 8 d and again at 14 d; Hydropericardium
Syndrome virus at 18 d and ND-Lasota strain at 22 d following the locally designed vaccination schedule.
ARVs cause a range of diseases in chicken, including viral arthritis/ tenosynovitis, and are associated with respiratory disease, enteric disease, inclusion body hepatitis, hydropericardium
, runting stunting syndrome, malabsorption syndrome, and sudden death.
Remember that necropsy evidences are hydropericardium
, heart dilatation, muscles and intestine hyperemia, accumulation of transudate fluid contained fibrin in abdominal cavity and liver edematous.
is the most frequent form of pericardial involvement in pregnancy.
10) In our case, massive hydropericardium
implied cardiac involvement, but cytology of the pericardial fluid, which showed small lymphoid cells, did not result in diagnosis as a malignancy.