hypercapnia

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hypercapnia

[‚hī·pər′kap·nē·ə]
(medicine)
Excessive amount of carbon dioxide in the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
2] responsiveness and may have accounted for a depressed ventilatory response to the hypercarbia induced by hemidiaphragmatic paralysis from IS block.
In our study, the most common complications during anesthesia included desaturation (80%), arrhythmia (72%) and hypercarbia (27%).
Absent perception of asphyxia (ie, absent behavioral awareness of hypercarbia and hypoxemia) with a blunted or absent arousal.
The better ventilation afforded by the LMA may find increasing favour in patients where it is prudent to avoid hypercarbia, though the quoted effect (16,17) is sufficiently small to present significant difficulty in designing an adequately powered study to detect a clinical effect.
However, during rapid sequence intubation the potential risks of hypoxia and hypercarbia far outweigh this small and very transient increase in ICP.
I first heard of problems associated with oxygen when I was learning about COPD patients and oxygen-induced hypercarbia.
an increase in cerebral blood flow due to systemic hypertension, rapid volume expansion, hypercarbia, decreased hematocrit or decreased blood glucose
This includes patients with significant respiratory depression (in unmonitored settings or the absence of resuscitative equipment), patients with acute or severe bronchial asthma or hypercarbia, or in any patient who has or is suspected of having paralytic ileus.
Inadequate ventilation during transport with attendant hypercarbia may adversely affect haemodynamics.
4) This equates to a patient who normally may have chronic hypoxia, hypercarbia and little, if any, respiratory reserve.
There may be a greater reduction in the tone of pharyngeal muscles, loss of the arousal response, which normally terminates an apnoea, and a decreased responsiveness to hypoxia and hypercarbia.
Severe hypercarbia causes vasodilatation, hypotension, sweating and ectopic beats, which can lead to ventricular fibrillation and death.