hyperglycemia


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Related to hyperglycemia: hypoglycemia

hyperglycemia:

see diabetesdiabetes
or diabetes mellitus
, chronic disorder of glucose (sugar) metabolism caused by inadequate production or use of insulin, a hormone produced in specialized cells (beta cells in the islets of Langerhans) in the pancreas that allows the body to use and store
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.

Hyperglycemia

 

increase in the sugar content of blood to over 120 milligram percent. Temporary hyperglycemia can occur in healthy individuals after intake of large quantities of sugar (so-called nutritional hyperglycemia), during intense pains, and during stress. Chronic hyperglycemia occurs in conjunction with diabetes mellitus, certain other endocrine diseases, deficiency of vitamins C and B1, febricity, hypoxia, and other conditions.

hyperglycemia

[¦hī·pər‚glī′sē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Excessive amounts of sugar in the blood.

hyperglycaemia

(US), hyperglycemia
Pathol an abnormally large amount of sugar in the blood
References in periodicals archive ?
Hyperglycemia in pregnancy is independently associated with adverse outcomes for the mother, fetus, and neonate, both in the short- and long-term.
Conclusion: Subjects with hyperglycemia had significantly lower mean serum Mg levels compared with healthy counterparts.
The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Hyperglycemia
HbA1c which is unlikely to rise with acute hyperglycemia could prove useful for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus when stress induced hyperglycemia is a confounding factor.
The chronic hyperglycemia of diabetes is associated with long-term damage, dysfunction or failure of various organs, especially the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and blood vessels4.
The first survey showed that 97/192 (51%) intensive care physicians did not use glucose solution for fluid resuscitation; only 142/188 (76%) respondents paid much attention to suppressing the BG variability; 104/192 (54%) respondents routinely detected BG levels every 4 h in critically ill patients; 159/189 (84%) respondents mixed glucose insulin according to 4-6 g glucose per 1 unit insulin when infusing glucose solution; and 53/190 (28%) respondents determined the dose of regular insulin for treating hyperglycemia based on their experiences.
Diabetes was confirmed 48-72 hours after STZ injection by observing hyperglycemia (BG 300-350 mg/dL), polydipsia (fluid intake [greater than or equal to]100 mL/day), and polyuria (wet-cage).
Hyperglycemia also accelerates the formation of atherosclerotic plaques, which increases the risk of hypertension, myocardial infarction, and stroke in diabetic patients.
Incidence of hyperglycemia is 72% in babies weighing 2500gm5.
Overall, BTI320 was well tolerated and these positive findings suggest that BTI320 works by predominately suppressing postprandial glucose excursion, slowing down the rate of glucose excursion, as well as reducing the absolute amount absorbed, thereby preventing hyperglycemia without the risk of hypoglycemia.
The metabolic risk phenotypes; obesity, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertension have been globally declared as major health risks increasing rates of world populations suffering from hepatic steatosis regardless of age and gender.
In patients with T2DM, hyperglycemia increases the glucose load presented to the kidney.