hypermetabolism


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hypermetabolism

[¦hī·pər·mə′tab·ə‚liz·əm]
(medicine)
Any state in which there is an increase in basal metabolic rate.
References in periodicals archive ?
This finding may be attributed to hypermetabolism of hyperthyroidism rather than autoimmunity of GD.
The systemic metabolic response immediately after the burning that leads to hypermetabolism impacts on the cardiovascular system (Johnson, 1994; Ogunbileje et al.
4[degrees] F or [greater than or equal to] 38[degrees] C orally on at least 2 occasions); rigidity; mental status alternation (reduced or fluctuating level of consciousness); increased CPK (four times the upper limits of normal); hypermetabolism (heart rate [greater than or equal to] 25 percent above baseline); increased respiratory rate ([greater than or equal to] 50 percent from baseline); and sympathetic nervous system lability.
Brown adipose tissue and its modulation by a mitochondria-targeted peptide in rat burn injury-induced hypermetabolism.
Factors such as rising aging population, growing prevalence of chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, gastrointestinal diseases, neurological disorders, psychiatrics, hypermetabolism, and increasing number of preterm births are expected to fuel the growth of the global enteral feeding devices market during the forecast period.
It has been suggested that hypermetabolism after a neurotrauma may be initiated by injured or dead tissue, perfusion deficits, or infection (Donaldson, Borzatta, & Matossian, 2000) and that hypercatabolism is related to the severity of the injury and secondary release of hormones such as insulin, glucagon, cortisol, epinephrine, and norepinephrine (Vizzini & Aranda-Michel, 2011).
It has been reported that the gland hypermetabolism found in hyperparathyroidism causes increased tissue perfusion [20].
Hypermetabolism in the left thalamus and right interior temporal area on positron emission tomography-statistical parametric mapping (PET-SPM) in a patient with Charles Bonnet syndrome resolving after treatment with valproic acid.
Follow-up positron emission tomography (PET) showed the enlarged lymph nodes in the paraaortic and psoas muscle area with mild to moderate hypermetabolism (Fig.
In critically ill patients, pain and anxiety contribute to an already prominent sympathetic stress response that includes increased endogenous catecholamine activity, increased oxygen consumption, tachycardia, hypercoagulability, hypermetabolism, and immunosuppression (1).
Subsequent positron emission tomography/computed tomography identified erosive bony changes associated with hypermetabolism.
Growth retardation in these patients may be related to factors like nutritional disorders 1181, chronic inflammatory process, hypermetabolism in bone marrow (19), (20), and hypogonadism (2), (3).