hyperthyroidism


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Related to hyperthyroidism: Graves disease, hypothyroidism

hyperthyroidism:

see thyroid glandthyroid gland,
endocrine gland, situated in the neck, that secretes hormones necessary for growth and proper metabolism. It consists of two lobes connected by a narrow segment called the isthmus. The lobes lie on either side of the trachea, the isthmus in front of it.
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Hyperthyroidism

 

an increase in the function of the thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism is one of the manifestations of a toxic diffuse goiter. It usually arises as a result of psychic trauma and sometimes with certain diseases and conditions, such as tuberculosis, rheumatism, or pregnancy. More rarely it is the result of an infection. It is manifested by increased excitability of the nervous system, intensification of reflexes, slight psychic agitation, rapid fatigability, acceleration of pulse rate, trembling of the hands, tendency to perspire, increase in basal metabolic rate, and weight loss. Hyperthyroidism is often combined with dysfunctions of other endocrine glands. Treatment for it includes remedies that calm the nervous system and microdoses of iodine.

L. M. GOL’BER

hyperthyroidism

[¦hī·pər′thī‚rȯid‚iz·əm]
(medicine)
The constellation of signs and symptoms caused by excessive thyroid hormone in the blood, either from exaggerated functional activity of the thyroid gland or from excessive administration of thyroid hormone, and manifested by thyroid enlargement, emaciation, sweating, tachycardia, exophthalmos, and tremor. Also known as exophthalmic goiter; Grave's disease; thyrotoxicosis; toxic goiter.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most dangerous myth about hyperthyroidism is that it has no consequences other than keeping a person from gaining excess weight.
Hyperthyroidism should not be treated on the premise that it will influence lactation.
In the hyperthyroidism groups, the MBCI of the TDM group was lower than those of the TNGT and TIGR groups ( P < 0.
A greater prevalence (70%) of sub-clinical hyperthyroidism is shown by the patients in the age group 21- 50 years.
However, symptoms of hyperthyroidism can persist longer, depending on the clearance of the stimulating antibodies.
Hyperthyroidism may be addressed with surgical removal of the thyroid gland or treatment with radioactive iodine, which halts the production of thyroid hormone.
Euthyroid (275), Subclinical hypothyroidism (10), Overt hypothyroidism (10), Overt hyperthyroidism (5).
Concurrent hyperthyroidism and hyperparathyroidism: influence of hyperthyroidism on serum magnesium, free calcium and parathyroid hormone.
Keywords * Hyperthyroidism * Stroke * Cerebral infarction * Blood-brain barrier
It is characterised by acute paralytic attacks and hypokalemia in association with hyperthyroidism.