hypertonia


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hypertonia

[‚hī·pər′tō·nē·ə]
(medicine)
Abnormal increase in muscle tonicity.
References in periodicals archive ?
These patients showed a reduction in agitation accompanied by less hypertonia, making it easier to provide nursing care, such as grooming, dressing, postural changes, and so forth.
It has been suggested that the site of vagal hypertonia may be in the vagal center of the medulla, but there is evidence that this excessive nerve endings of heart.
Severe disease was unlikely in this case, because the typical infant with methylmalonic or propionic acidopathy presents with dehydration, moderate hepatomegaly, increasedammonia, ketoacidosis, poor feeding, drowsiness, axial hypotonia, and limb hypertonia.
Adverse events that were more common in the paliperidone group include somnolence, akathisia, hypertonia, constipation, and dyspepsia.
These findings support the work of Pandyan and colleagues (1997) who employed electrical stimulation to the wrist extensors of hemiplegic patients and reported an increase in range of motion and a decrease in hypertonia.
The major form consists of an exaggerated startle response, momentary generalised muscular stiffness and hypertonia.
The favorable effects of extracts from the European mistletoe have been known for over 70 years for the treatment of hypertonia, inflammatory diseases and also cancer (Kwaja et al.
Her daughter Jennie, now seven, has Down syndrome and suffers with hypertonia, which leaves her limbs floppy and gives her poor muscle control.
Following a brief overview of cerebral palsy and treatment approaches, the text classifies cerebral palsy into categories based on distinct pathophysiologies--hypotonia, hypertonia, quadriplegia, diplegia, congenital hemiplegia, athetosis, and ataxia.
He did not show signs of rigidity, spasm of the masseter muscle, hypertonia, or hyperthermia.
Clinical manifestations of acute bilirubin encephalopathy and kernicterus * Condition Phase Clinical manifestations Acute bilirubin Early Lethargy encephalopathy Hypotonia Poor suck Intermediate Moderate stupor Irritability Hypertonia manifested by backward arching of the neck (retrocollis) and trunk (opisthotonos) Fever and high-pitched cry, which may alternate with drowsiness and hypotonia Advanced Pronounced retrocollis and opisthotonos Shrill cry No feeding Apnea Fever Deep stupor to coma Sometimes seizures and death Kernicterus NA Athetoid cerebral palsy Auditory dysfunction Dental-enamel dysplasia Paralysis of upward gaze Some or all of the signs listed in the advanced phase of bilirubin encephalopathy * From 2004 clinical guidelines (reference 4).