hypnotic drugs


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Related to hypnotic drugs: Sedative drugs

hypnotic drugs,

drugs that induce sleep, sometimes called soporifics. In general, hypnotics are central nervous system depressantsdepressant,
any one of various substances that diminish functional activity, usually by depressing the nervous system. Barbiturates, sedatives, alcohol, and meprobamate are all depressants. Depressants have various modes of action and effects.
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. Alcohol, laudanum (see opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
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), bromide salts, and herbs such as valerian have been used as hypnotics. Barbituratesbarbiturate
, any one of a group of drugs that act as depressants on the central nervous system. High doses depress both nerve and muscle activity and inhibit oxygen consumption in the tissues. In low doses barbiturates act as sedatives, i.e.
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 and benzodiazepinesbenzodiazepine
, any of a class of drugs prescribed for their tranquilizing, antianxiety, sedative, and muscle-relaxing effects. Benzodiazepines are also prescribed for epilepsy and alcohol withdrawal.
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 are frequently prescribed hypnotics. Smaller doses of these same drugs may be used as sedativessedative,
any of a variety of drugs that relieve anxiety. Most sedatives act as mild depressants of the nervous system, lessening general nervous activity or reducing the irritability or activity of a specific organ.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mortality hazard associated with anxiolytic and hypnotic drug use in the national population health survey.
In addition, in the final conclusion, it should be stated that for improving sleep quality, it should not suffice drug therapies because using hypnotic drugs can create endurance after a while.
The newer hypnotic drugs do not at this time have this association since they are more recently on the market or are currently in development.
In addition to the novel drug Rozerem (ramelteon), the Food and Drug Administration approved the hypnotic drugs Lunesta (eszopiclone) and a new, slow-release formulation of zolpidem called Ambien CR.
Per recipient use of both anti-anxiety and hypnotic drugs was much lower than anti-depressants and anti-psychotics for all basis of eligibility groups except adults.
A chemist, duped into giving a mental patient hypnotic drugs without a prescription, has been criticised by health chiefs.
While many effective treatment options have been developed in recent years, hypnotic drugs remain the treatment of choice in primary care settings [4].
The number of patients taking sedative hypnotic drugs in this study was too small to explore dose-response relationships or the effects of individual drugs.
Based on available scientific evidence, the National Institutes of Mental Health3 have deemed only two treatment methods to be effective in treating chronic insomnia: (1) approved hypnotic drugs (i.
Hypnotic drugs are associated with a more than threefold increase in the risk of death, even when prescribed in limited quantities, according to findings from a large matched cohort study.
1) While it may be occasionally appropriate to prescribe a pharmaceutical for sleep early in the phase of treatment, premature use of hypnotic drugs should be avoided where possible.
The method of pentobarbital induced sleeping in mice is a classic pharmacological experiment on screening of sedative and hypnotic drugs.