Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to hypoglycemia: hyperglycemia


see diabetesdiabetes
or diabetes mellitus
, chronic disorder of glucose (sugar) metabolism caused by inadequate production or use of insulin, a hormone produced in specialized cells (beta cells in the islets of Langerhans) in the pancreas that allows the body to use and store
..... Click the link for more information.



a decrease in the sugar content of the blood to below 80-70 mg percent.

Hypoglycemia is found in healthy persons during heightened muscular activity as a result of the considerable expenditure of glucose as an energy source when the body’s energy loss is not replenished with readily assimilable carbohydrates. Hypoglycemia sometimes arises after heavy intake of carbohydrates as a result of the reflex secretion by the pancreas of an excessive amount of insulin. The condition is observed in certain diseases of the insular apparatus of the pancreas, the hypothalamic region of the brain, the other endocrine glands, or the liver (disruption of the liver’s function as the principal glycogen depot), as well as in insulin overdose (hypoglycemic shock). In hypoglycemic shock, after a short period of central nervous system excitation, a condition develops that is accompanied by weakness, drowsiness, hunger, and psychic disturbances. Trembling, loss of consciousness, and convulsions may set in when sugar content is lowered to 40 percent or less. The condition is eliminated by administering glucose. Hypoglycemic or insulin shock may be induced artificially for the treatment of certain diseases.


Genes, S. G. Gipoglikemiia: Gipoglikemiche skii simptomokompleks. Moscow, 1970. (Bibliography, pp. 224-35.)


Condition caused by low levels of sugar in the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, fear or anxiety relating to hypoglycemia should be investigated and addressed as appropriate.
The association of cholestasis of infancy with hypoglycemia has been documented.
Dietary changes, particularly reduced carbohydrates, may require a reduced insulin dosage to prevent hypoglycemia.
According to the companies, they are educating people living with diabetes, focussing on one of the most common and misunderstood consequences of diabetes, called hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
Hypoglycemia can develop in patients with diabetes treated with either hemodialysis (HD) or PD, and is usually due to reduced insulin catabolism and reduced intake and absorption of food.
They hypothesized that they would find that diabetics with dementia or CI would be managed less aggressively than would cognitively nor mal diabetics of the same age, but would still have similar rates of hypoglycemia after adjustments.
Insulin-induced hypoglycemia is the limiting factor in the glycemic management of diabetes.
Keywords: hypoglycemia, sweat rate, pilocarpine, hyperhydrosis
Hypoglycemia perception: Cross-cultural differences in Punjabi and Hindi speaking postmenopausal women.
We also appreciate that complications from intensive glucose lowering--such as hypoglycemia, weight gain, time and cost, and increased mortality--are not minimal," he said.