hypoglycemia

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Related to hypoglycemic: hyperglycemic, Hypoglycemic shock

hypoglycemia:

see diabetesdiabetes
or diabetes mellitus
, chronic disorder of glucose (sugar) metabolism caused by inadequate production or use of insulin, a hormone produced in specialized cells (beta cells in the islets of Langerhans) in the pancreas that allows the body to use and store
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.

Hypoglycemia

 

a decrease in the sugar content of the blood to below 80-70 mg percent.

Hypoglycemia is found in healthy persons during heightened muscular activity as a result of the considerable expenditure of glucose as an energy source when the body’s energy loss is not replenished with readily assimilable carbohydrates. Hypoglycemia sometimes arises after heavy intake of carbohydrates as a result of the reflex secretion by the pancreas of an excessive amount of insulin. The condition is observed in certain diseases of the insular apparatus of the pancreas, the hypothalamic region of the brain, the other endocrine glands, or the liver (disruption of the liver’s function as the principal glycogen depot), as well as in insulin overdose (hypoglycemic shock). In hypoglycemic shock, after a short period of central nervous system excitation, a condition develops that is accompanied by weakness, drowsiness, hunger, and psychic disturbances. Trembling, loss of consciousness, and convulsions may set in when sugar content is lowered to 40 percent or less. The condition is eliminated by administering glucose. Hypoglycemic or insulin shock may be induced artificially for the treatment of certain diseases.

REFERENCES

Genes, S. G. Gipoglikemiia: Gipoglikemiche skii simptomokompleks. Moscow, 1970. (Bibliography, pp. 224-35.)

hypoglycemia

[¦hī·pō‚glī′sē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Condition caused by low levels of sugar in the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
The pattern of pump therapy lowering rates of severe hypoglycemia and hypoglycemic coma was observed in the entire cohort as well.
Zinc sulphate 20 mg/day plus oral hypoglycemic (metformin and glabinclamide) to intervention group, and placebo plus oral hypoglycemic to control group were given.
Most patients with diabetes will report that their biggest fear is having a hypoglycemic event," he notes.
vera with hypoglycemic trace elements such as Cr, Zn, and Mn which potentiate insulin action was a strong candidate, as it has been used for treating diabetes in Arab and other developing countries.
evaluates the efficacy of bitter melon at three different dose ranges in comparison to conventional oral hypoglycemic agent--metformin in means of hypoglycemic effect.
To evaluate precision of the handheld glucometer, blood samples were collected from the basilic vein in 5 normoglycemic (blood glucose reference interval, 232-376 mg/dL), 5 hyperglycemic (blood glucose >376 mg/dL), and 5 hypoglycemic (blood glucose <232 mg/dL) pigeons.
Moreover hundreds of (arylsulfony1)ureas have been prepared and their hypoglycemic activity is monitored [16-17].
Objectives of this study were- (1) To compare the hypoglycemic property of Aeglemarmelos, Azadirachtaindica with Glimepride in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, and (2) To improve the quality of life of the diabetic patients and to minimize the cost of therapy.
They] may not be aware they are having nocturnal hypoglycemic events and therefore are unable to treat themselves or to seek assistance," Fernando said.
They contain bioactive compounds that have been attributed with a number of effects, including antioxidant, antihypertensive, antiatherogenic, anti-inflammatory, hypoglycemic and hypocholesterolemic.
BERLIN--Insulin degludec showed a modest hypoglycemic edge over insulin glargine in a 52-week head-to-head comparison in patients with type 2 diabetes.
We report the case of a diabetic patient who had frequent hypoglycemic episodes, apparently related to metastatic insulinoma.