hypohalous acid

hypohalous acid

[hī¦pöt·ə·ləs ′as·əd]
(inorganic chemistry)
An oxyacid of a halogen (fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, or astatine) possessing the general chemical formula HOX, where X is the halogen atom.
References in periodicals archive ?
8,975,220 B1; Clorox has patented a composition that consists of a homopolymer of diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride; an oxidant selected from the group consisting of a hypohalous acid, a hypohalite, and mixtures thereof; water; and optionally, an adjuvant selected from the group consisting of a fragrance, a hydrotrope, a colorant, a dye, a buffer, a chelating agent, an electrolyte, an antimicrobial agent, a solvent, a stain and soil repellent, a lubricant, an odor control agent, a perfume, a fragrance release agent, an acid, a base, a solubilizing material, a stabilizer, an anti-corrosion agent, a thickener, a defoamer, a cloud-point modifier, a preservative, a water immiscible solvent, an enzyme, and mixtures thereof.
One way that the phagosomes then destroy microbes is to create a supply of superoxide anions, which starts a cascade of reactions that produces hydrogen peroxide and then more toxic molecules, such as hydroxyl radical and hypohalous acid.
Neutrophil-derived antiinfective agents Preformed granule Newly synthesised reactive Proteins * oxygen and nitrogen species Bactericidal proteins Superoxide Defensins (HNP1-4) Hydrogen peroxide LL-37 Hypohalous acids Myeloperoxidase Hydroxyl radical Proteinases (cathepsins, Singlet molecular elastase, proteinase-3) oxygen Secretory phospholipase Nitric oxide [A.