hypokalemia


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Related to hypokalemia: hyperkalemia

hypokalemia

[‚hī·pō·kə′lē·mē·ə]
(physiology)
A reduction in the normal amount of potassium in the blood.
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Intravenous replacement should be used in patients with severe symptomatic hypokalemia (less than 2.
8) dRTA is commonly associated with hypokalemia due to renal wasting.
Treatment is not only targeted to correct hypokalemia and acidosis but is also aimed to improve growth, prevent nephrolithiasis and skeletal abnormalities.
Recently, at their institution, two colonoscopy patients developed severe hypokalemia and died of ventricular arrhythmias after receiving low-volume PEG.
Then, of course, there is the issue of diuretic use: "Indeed, volume depletion, hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, and hypernatremia are complications that may occur from diuretic use.
It is characterised by acute paralytic attacks and hypokalemia in association with hyperthyroidism.
Similarly to hyponatremia, hypokalemia in cancer may be due to gastrointestinal fluid losses due to vomiting or diarrhea induced by chemotherapy.
Care should be taken in cases where the hypersecretion of aldosterone to the cardiovascular system is observed, as in many patients, especially geriatric ones, hypertension, hypokalemia, and azotemia or evidence of cardiovascular changes are misattributed to chronic kidney failure or heart failure as primary disorders rather than the direct effect of primary aldosteronism (DJAJADININGRAT-LAANEN et al.
Internal Medicine was consulted for refractory hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia in an 18-year-old primigravida who presented with nausea and vomiting for one week in her 7th week of pregnancy.
One month post adrenalectomy, the hypokalemia resolved, repeat ratio of renin to aldosterone normalized at 6.
Moderate to severe hypokalemia is typical and most consistent finding (Javadi et al.
In a retrospective study conducted by Hwang, Wang, Chan, and Chen (2011), patients on hemodialysis with hypokalemia had a higher mortality rate than those experiencing hyperkalemia.