Orofacial stiffness measures were predicted to be lower than normal in individuals with flaccid, mixed flaccid-spastic, and possibly ataxic dysarthrias and higher than normal in those with hypokinetic
and spastic dysarthrias [3,39,51-52].
Overweight and obesity issues often lead to chronic degenerative and hypokinetic
diseases, especially as it relates to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD).
As such, the Disuse Syndrome is similar to the previous formulation of Hypokinetic
Disease (5) and sedentary death syndrome (6).
They first address basal ganglia and cerebellar anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology, standard definitions, and diagnostic approaches, then the presentation, phenomenology, etiology, clinical characteristics, neuronatomic localization, and pathophysiology of individual diseases and disorders, including developmental, paroxysmal, hyperkinetic, hypokinetic
, and secondary movement disorders like Tourette syndrome, dystonia, Parkinsonism, cerebral palsy, drug-induced, and psychogenic disorders.
However, an echocardiogram (ECHO) revealed a severely hypokinetic
, nondilated left ventricle with a significant decrease in left ventricular function and an estimated ejection fraction (EF) of 20%-25% (normal EF = 65%).
Regional wall motion was characterized as normal, hypokinetic
, or akinetic.
2) Indeed, coronary flow reserve is decreased in most hypokinetic
segments while it is preserved in most normal segments, not depending on the presence of trabeculation.
The left ventricle was small and severely hypokinetic
In order to assess the safety of each treatment tested, the following parameters were considered: (i) an objective examination by a physician; (ii) comments and complaints from the individual subject; (iii) the incidence of side effects; (iv) the volume of ejaculate; (v) the total number of spermatozoids in the whole ejaculate; (vi) the number of spermatozoids in 1 ml of ejaculate; (viii) the percentages of active, inactive, normokinetic, hypokinetic
, diskinetic and akinetic spermatozoids; and (ix) the Farris 1 and 2 fertility indices.
Chronic systemic complex I inhibition induces a hypokinetic
multisystem degeneration in rats.
Physical activity has been shown to assist in children's psychological well-being and may assist in their adherence to regular physical activity into adulthood, where there may be further benefits such as reduced risk of hypokinetic
diseases (Hagger, Ashford, & Stambulova, 1998).
Using the semi-quantitative method, the LV wall motion was given points as follows: 1) normokinetic, 2) hypokinetic
, 3) akinetic, 4) dyskinetic, 5) aneurysm.