hyponatremia


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Related to hyponatremia: hypernatremia

hyponatremia

[‚hī·pə·nə′trē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Subnormal or reduced blood sodium levels.
References in periodicals archive ?
The company developed lower doses to minimize the risk of hyponatremia and conducted two pivotal phase 111 confirmatory randomized, placebo-controlled studies of 268 women and almost 400 men with at least two voids per night (an average of 2.
The researchers had similar results when they matched 46,256 patients with fragility fractures to 46,256 without: The fracture risk was substantially increased in patients with chronic hyponatremia (a0R, 4.
Chronic hyponatremia occurs when the serum sodium decreases over a period of [greater than or equal to]48 h.
The New England Journal of Medicine reported in 2005 that 13 percent of Boston Marathon runners develop hyponatremia from drinking too much water, and in 2011 a Loyola University Medical Center study found that half of recreational runners drink too much during races, putting them at risk for low blood sodium.
Hyponatremia in marathon runners due to inappropriate arginine vasopressin secretion.
We report a case of rapidly developing iatrogenic acute hyponatremia in a child after an improper hypotonic fluid infusion to compensate for inadequate fluid intake secondary to post-tonsillectomy pain and difficulty swallowing.
Gradual correction of Ian's hyponatremia should return his mental status and personality to baseline and eliminate his nausea.
Symptoms of hyponatremia include nausea, vomiting, headache, confusion, loss of energy, muscle weakness, spasms or cramps, with seizures, unconsciousness and coma in extreme cases.
Desmopressin therapy should be held periodically to avoid over-treatment which may lead to hyponatremia (6).
Ascites, hyponatremia and hepatorenal syndrome; progress in treatment.
Hyponatremia is one of the most common disturbances of sodium metabolism in hospital patients, with a prevalence of 2% to 3%.