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see pituitary glandpituitary gland,
small oval endocrine gland that lies at the base of the brain. It is sometimes called the master gland of the body because all the other endocrine glands depend on its secretions for stimulation (see endocrine system).
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A small rounded endocrine gland which lies in the sella turcica of the sphenoid bone and is attached to the floor of the third ventricle of the brain in all craniate vertebrates. Also known as pituitary gland.

pituitary gland

, body
the master endocrine gland, attached by a stalk to the base of the brain. Its two lobes (see adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis) secrete hormones affecting skeletal growth, development of the sex glands, and the functioning of the other endocrine glands Also called hypophysis hypophysis cerebri
References in periodicals archive ?
In the posterior lobe, blood from the inferior hypophysial artery flows into a capillary plexus, which supplies blood to surrounding tissues.
These cells are located more in the central portion of the gland and are supplied by the short hypophysial portal system [137].
Plasma AVP of two patients suffering from hypophysial diabetes insipidus was below the detection limit of this RIA (Fig.
Perhaps many adenomas do not cause hypophysial hypofunction, or their manifestations, if they arise, may be underestimated.
Kisspeptin is present in ovine hypophysial portal blood but does not increase during the preovulatory luteinizing hormone surge: evidence that gonadotropes are not direct targets of kisspeptin in vivo.
This relationship can be seen when concentrations of GnRH and LH are measured in sequential blood samples collected simultaneously from hypophysial portal and peripheral blood vessels (Figure 8-4).