Hypospadias

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hypospadias

[‚hī·pō′spād·ē·əs]
(medicine)
Congenital anomaly in which the urethra opens on the ventral surface of the penis or in the perineum.
Congenital anomaly in which the urethra opens into the vagina.

Hypospadias

 

a congenital underdevelopment of the urethra consisting in the absence of its lower wall, so that the urethra does not open, as usual, in the glans penis, but instead on the underside of the penis, the scrotum, or the perineum.

Hypospadias is the most commonly found anomaly in the development of the organs of the male urogenital system. It is manifested by impairment of urination and, in adults, of sexual functions. In strongly pronounced hypospadias sexual activity is made difficult and sometimes impossible because of deformation of the penis. In extreme cases of scrotal and perineal hypospadias mistakes in determining sex are common. No treatment is required in minor cases of hypospadias; in all other cases, surgery is necessary.

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However, chromosome analysis can be performed to differentiate hypospadias from true hermaphroditism (Adder and Hobson, 1998).
All patients were in the range of 2 to 10 years and underwent Snodgrass Tubularized Incised Plate (TIP) urethroplasty for hypospadias repair.
Transverse island flaps of inner preputial skin have provided a reliable technique for the repair of hypospadias, especially proximal hypospadias.
Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital anomalies noted among boys at birth.
6 The surgical goal in hypospadias repair is to construct a straight penis with the urethral meatus as close as possible to the normal site.
GWAS for developmental defects of the male reproductive system have also identified candidate genes for hormonal (AR, steroidogenesis, ESR1, and ESR2) and nonhormonal (FGF8, FGFR2, BMP4, and BMP7) pathways underlying hypospadias (Carmichael et al.
Methods: The experimental study was conducted at the Department of Urology, Indus Hospital, Karachi, and comprised an audit of patients with proximal hypospadias who underwent surgery from July 1, 2007, to December 31, 2011.
RSS affects many physical features, usually manifesting with a small and triangular face, broad forehead, and genitourinary anomalies, such as cryptorchidism, hypospadias, and small testes and penis.
Hypospadias is a rare congenital anomaly of the urethra, in which the urethra opens ventral and caudal to its normal anatomic location [1-4].
They are the ones confronting rising cases of hypospadias, a birth defect in which boys are born with a urethra opening on the side of the penis rather than at the tip.