hypostyle


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hypostyle

(hĭp`əstīl, hī`pə–), the chamber in Egyptian temples in which a number of columns supported a flat stone roof. Forming the chief and largest inner space of the temple, it was entered from the outer courtyard and, in turn, gave access to the holy of holies and the small inner sanctuaries occupying the rear of the structure. Its columns were arranged to form a wide center aisle flanked by two or more side aisles, the center one rising higher than the others to permit clerestory lighting. The ruined temple of Amon at Al Karnak shows the most celebrated hypostyle hall, constructed in the XIX dynasty.
References in periodicals archive ?
Achaemenid established the first method of Persian architecture using art and technology of other obedience nations and composition and integration it with local and national thinking and art especially the use of ancient architectural periods particularly in Urartu architecture and Barsav them in designing orthorhombic spaces hypostyle halls.
As an example of the latter, the Treasury, a side room to the left (west) of the so-called "Hall of the Ennead" immediately before the sanctuary, is longer than the adjacent rooms within that part of the temple; this is because its back wall is aligned with the side rooms in the section before it, beside the Inner Hypostyle Hall.
After approximately 80m the road turns sharply to the left, delivering the visitor to the focal area in front of the hypostyle.
Here is to be found the remains of a great colonnaded hall, in its day as sublimely beautiful and solemn as the greatest of ancient Egypt's hypostyle halls.
The porticus Aemilia (193 BC), inspired by the Hypostyle Hall of Delos, and the porticus Metelli (circa 147 BC), based on the architecture of Hellenistic religious sanctuaries, are examples of the popularity of the new Hellenistic styles before Cleopatra.
Marvel at the Great Hypostyle Hall - 134 massive columns with fantastic stone carvings.
It is among the plates of the Description, for example a view of a colossus standing near the entrance to the hypostyle hall at Karnak--that Shelley could have found his own "vast and trunkless legs of stone.
For other than the low, monumental entrance and the surrounding parking lot and gardens conceived by Irwin, the architects would appear to have intervened only in the original interior structure (and very slightly at that), preserving the long, brick-walled machine shops, the top lighting, and the basement, with its stunning colonnade of mushroom-capped columns, like some Egyptian hypostyle temple in modern dress.
One of the most overpowering sights of the temple is the Hypostyle Hall, an organised forest of gigantic engraved columns, each one so large it takes the outstretched arms of six people to encircle it.
In his water-colour of the Hypostyle Hall at Karnak, for instance, he takes a low viewpoint to achieve an almost claustrophobic sensation of those huge columns soaring up above the small figures below.
It includes Egypt's oldest known hypostyle hall, city blocks and paved streets over an area the size of four football fields.
From enjoying the grandeur of the Saharan Dunes to feeling minute in Karnak's towering hypostyle hall, a four-day Nile trip is still one of the greatest cruise journeys in the world.