hysterectomy


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hysterectomy

(hĭstərĕk`təmē), surgical removal of the uterusuterus,
in most female mammals, hollow muscular organ in which the fetus develops and from which it is delivered at the end of pregnancy. The human uterus is pear-shaped and about 3 in. (7.
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. A hysterectomy may involve removal of the uterus only or additional removal of the cervix (base of the uterus), fallopian tubesfallopian tube
, either of a pair of tubes extending from the uterus to the paired ovaries in the human female, also called oviducts, technically known as the uterine tube.
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 (salpingectomy), and ovariesovary,
ductless gland of the female in which the ova (female reproductive cells) are produced. In vertebrate animals the ovary also secretes the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone, which control the development of the sexual organs and the secondary sexual characteristics.
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 (oophorectomy). It may be performed through a conventional abdominal incision or through the vagina. It is performed in cases of malignant tumors, endometriosis, prolapsed uterus, or fibroids that cause bleeding and pain. An emergency hysterectomy is sometimes necessary to end uterine hemorrhaging.

Removal does not physically interfere with sexual activity, but it does eliminate the uterine contractions of orgasm. It also eliminates the possibility of childbearing and precipitates menopausemenopause
or climacteric
, transitional phase in a woman's life when the ovaries stop releasing eggs, ovarian production of estrogen and other hormones tapers off, and menstruation ceases.
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 in premenopausal women. Surgical removal of the ovaries eliminates their production of estrogenestrogen
, any one of a group of hormones synthesized by the reproductive organs and adrenal glands in females and, in lesser quantities, in males. The estrogens cause the thickening of the lining of the uterus and vagina in the early phase of the ovulatory, or menstrual, cycle
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 and progesteroneprogesterone
, female sex hormone that induces secretory changes in the lining of the uterus essential for successful implantation of a fertilized egg. A steroid, progesterone is secreted chiefly by the corpus luteum, a group of cells formed in the ovary after the follicle
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 along with these hormones's protective benefits to the heart, bones, and skin.

Some women's health advocates have questioned what they feel is the overuse of hysterectomy in the United States, where it is the second most common surgical procedure. Some studies have judged that up to 25% of hysterectomies performed in the United States are unnecessary and that more conservative treatments (laparoscopic surgery, hormone therapy, or simple removal of fibroids) would suffice in these cases.

hysterectomy

[‚his·tə′rek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of all or part of the uterus.

hysterectomy

surgical removal of the uterus
References in periodicals archive ?
The investigators compared outcomes with the three approaches in a hypothetical cohort of women aged 18-65 years without a preoperative diagnosis of cancer, and found that in women with an underlying malignancy, laparoscopic hysterectomy without power morcellation was the "least costly and most effective modality of hysterectomy" across all scenarios modeled.
org, created by three trusted women's health advocates, is kicking off Hysterectomy Awareness Month with dozens of personal stories from women who have sought treatment for their gyn health conditions and more interactive content including quizzes, shareable graphics and online events.
Most women in the study had been offered hysterectomy but when gynaecologists and radiologists worked together on MRI scans and jointly discussed treatment options with women, only eight of 109 women had a hysterectomy.
Middle-aged women who are considering hysterectomy should be encouraged because our results suggest that increased levels of cardiovascular risk factors are not any more likely after hysterectomy relative to after natural menopause," Karen A.
Although hysterectomy rates today are lower than those in the 1990s, they continue to be unnecessarily high and hence the reason for this book.
An audit of indications and complications associated with elective hysterectomy at a public service hospital in South Africa.
The primary end point of the event-free survival rate at 3 years was 72% in women who underwent extrafascial hysterectomy and 89% among those who did not (P =.
As far back as the 1970s, NHWN knew that whether or not a woman had a hysterectomy in her 40s or 50s depended far more on where she lived than on her medical condition.
Your recovery time from the surgery (and therefore your resumption of running) depends on the way the hysterectomy is done.
This type of hysterectomy is performed for early stage cervical cancer.
One surgical patient, who underwent fibroid-only removal, subsequently needed a hysterectomy.