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A conscious or unconscious defense mechanism in which a person overestimates an admired aspect or attribute of another person.





the mental formulation of concepts of objects that do not exist and are not realizable in reality, but ones for which prototypes exist in the real world.

The process of idealization is characterized by abstraction from properties and relations necessarily inherent in objects of concrete reality and by the introduction of attributes that cannot in principle belong to their real prototypes into the content of the concepts being formed. A point may serve as an example of a concept that is the result of idealization. It is impossible to find in the real world an object which is a point, that is, an object having no dimensions. The concepts “straight line,” “circumference,” “an absolutely black body,” and “inertia” are of an analogous nature. It is said of concepts that are a result of idealization (frequently they are simply referred to as idealizations) that in them idealized (or ideal) objects are conceived. Having formed a concept of a given object by means of idealization, it is possible henceforth to operate with it in discourse as with an object that really exists. Idealization makes it possible to formulate exact laws and to construct abstract schemata of concrete processes in order to understand them more thoroughly; in this sense the method of modeling is inseparable from idealization.

It is a characteristic of scientific idealization, distinguishing it from sterile fantasy, that idealized objects produced through it are under certain circumstances interpreted in terms of nonideal-ized (real) objects. It is practice (including that of systematic scientific observations and experiments) that confirms the correctness of the process of abstraction giving rise to concepts of idealized abstract objects and that serves as a criterion of the fruitfulness of idealization in cognition.


Gorskii, D. P. Voprosy abstraktsii i obrazovanie poniatii. Moscow, 1961.


References in periodicals archive ?
In part, MacFaul responds to critics such as Lorna Hutson and Laurie Shannon, whose work suggests that idealizations of friendship as an affective space of equal relations between men in Humanist writings presaged new forms of early modern subjectivity.
In this collection of 11 articles, contributors describe their thought and research about idealization and abstraction in science.
Giorgio's own original essay on the theme in Italian women writers, "The Passion for the Mother: Conflicts and Idealizations in Contemporary Italian Narrative," foregrounds the theories of Jessica Benjamin, Luisa Accati and Adriana Caverero.
Based on popularity of evangelical cultural products, I've identified three types of eschatological aesthetics: polarizing urgency marked by human fallibility and tough-guy heroism (Left Behind's LaHaye and Jenkins); focused introspection, purified of distractions and tutored by natural beauty (Eldredge and Lucado); and romantic, vibrant, and domestic idealization (Kinkade).
The idealization of the era is thick, and it is here that the authors risk losing younger readers more inclined to identify with the barbed rants of Kate Reddy, working mom heroine of I Don't Know How She Does It, than Jane Alpert, underground seventies radical and author of "Mother Right.
Thus, straight realism, the borrowing from folklore, idealization, satire, and humor distinguish his style.
Gustave Courbet is considered the founder of Realism, a mid nineteenth-century art movement which advocated the straightforward representation of subject matter without idealization.
This is the idealization of the father that demands that we "restore father to his rightful place" (Gottman, 1998).
One study of 10 such cases found a pattern of therapy in which idealization, fantasies of omnipotence, and the avoidance of rupture were prominent, Hilary Rubenstein, Ph.
On one level, it reflects the general process of idealization.
In one respect he reinforces the view of the revisionist school, by showing better than before how much the English idealization of the feast was one aspect of a reaction to the insecurities provoked by industrialization and urbanization.
Rejecting Parnassian idealization for "crucial details," his kind of poet shields a small flame that may, must, flare up.