ileum


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ileum:

see intestineintestine,
muscular hoselike portion of the gastrointestinal tract extending from the lower end of the stomach (pylorus) to the anal opening. In humans this fairly narrow (about 1 in./2.
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.

ileum

[′il·ē·əm]
(anatomy)
The last portion of the small intestine, extending from the jejunum to the large intestine.

ileum

1. the part of the small intestine between the jejunum and the caecum
2. the corresponding part in insects
References in periodicals archive ?
Our results showed that villus height and villus: crypt were decreased in duodenum, but crypt depth was increased in the ileum of LPS-challenged chickens, which were well in line with the previous study showing that duodenal and jejunal villus height decreased after LPS administration (Hu et al.
TCDF led to a significant increase in mRNAs that encode factors in the ileum involved in inflammatory signaling, such as Il-1[beta], Il-10, Tnf-[alpha], Saa1, and Saa3 (Figure 3A); these changes were AHR dependent (Figure 3B).
In retrospect the resected distal ileum and cecum were analyzed and showed absence of ganglion cells, supporting the diagnosis of total aganglionosis.
The patient underwent ileum and colon resection because of injuries to the superior mesenteric artery, ileum, and colon she had developed after a firearm wounding; 4 months after the injury, the patient developed short bowel syndrome and underwent small intestine transplantation from a cadaver and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation to prevent rejection.
The results also suggest that treatments to modify the bacterial population of the ileum may be necessary to achieve lasting clinical responses.
It is very rare to find the ileum posterior to the kidney.
The ileum is characterized by a folded epithelium formed by a single layer of cubic cells each with a central nucleus.
Investigations on the spasmolytic effect of compounds of camomile and Kamillosan on the isolated guinea pig ileum.
We have demonstrated that bile acids at physiological concentrations inhibit the growth of MTB, raising the possibility that the high concentration of bile acids in the gallbladder and proximal intestine may be protective against MTB, while explaining the predilection of MTB for the terminal ileum and caecum, where bile acid concentrations are at their lowest.
IFR scientists and colleagues elsewhere have been investigating whether it is possible to produce food ingredients that may be able to delay fat digestion until it reaches the ileum.
1) More commonly, a normal intramural fat layer is seen in the terminal ileum and descending colon.
Gastrointestinal system anomalies were grouped as EA/TEF, ARM, atresias involving stomach, ileum or colon, diaphragmatic hernia, abdominal wall defects, rotation defects, and annular pancreas.